Piezoelectric Crystal Working and Applications

The first piezoelectric effect was initiated in the year 1880 by the brothers Jacques Curie & Pierre. By adding their piezoelectricity knowledge with the behavior of crystal structure they confirmed this effect by using examples of piezoelectric crystals like quartz, tourmaline, cane sugar, Rochelle salt, and topaz. At the time of their first demonstration, they have shown that Rochelle mater salt and quartz crystals exhibited the most piezoelectricity capacity. During the Second World War, researchers in the US, Russia, and Japan revealed artificial materials that are named as ferroelectrics. The main function of these materials is to exhibit piezoelectric constants several times which are superior to normal piezoelectric materials.

Even though the initial commercially developed piezoelectric material is quartz crystal used to detect sonar, researchers kept looking for superior performance resources for materials. This strong research has given the result in the expansion of two materials like lead zirconate titanate, barium titanate. These materials have some particular properties that are apposite for specific applications.

What is a Piezoelectric Crystal?

The piezoelectric crystal is one of a small scale energy resource. When these crystals are automatically deformed then they produce a tiny voltage which is known as piezoelectricity. This kind of renewable energy cannot be suitable for industrial situations. The main concept of these crystals is to provide Piezoelectricity in reply to applied automatic stress which can be reversible within the crystals. This twist can be done through only nanometers and it has helpful applications like the fabrication as well as sound detection.

Piezoelectric-Crystal Working

The shape of piezoelectric crystal is a hexagonal, and it includes three axes namely optical, electrical, & mechanical. It is named a piezoelectric effect. The working of this crystal is whenever force is applied to the crystal then it generates the electricity. Whenever an electromagnetic force is applied on crystals, afterward the crystals begin vibrating otherwise demonstrate a mechanical growth and reduction. It is called an inverse piezoelectric effect.


The main disadvantages of these crystals are, the crystal vibrating plates cannot carry stable pressure above crystals. These can be enhanced for the hold up the high force otherwise mechanical pressure.

Applications of Piezoelectric Crystal

The applications of Piezoelectric-crystal include the following.

  • The best application of piezoelectric crystal is an electric cigarette lighter.
  • The common application of a piezoelectric-crystal energy source is to create a tiny motor.
  • The piezoelectric-crystals are embedded within the shoe sole of a shoe to generate electrical energy for every step. This could be applied within the instruments like cell phones, torches, etc.

Thus, this is all about piezoelectric-crystals. From the above information finally, we can conclude that in the future, piezoelectric crystallized road technology can be used to protect the border roads. This technology uses a sensor to find the enemies permeation. If this technology comes to reality there will be a chance to be an electricity production plant. So, it can be versioned like next promising electricity source. Here is a question for you, how to make a piezoelectric crystal?