Zigbee Based Projects Ideas for ECE Engineering Students

Zigbee technology is an industry-standard and Xbee is the name of the module. Wireless communication technology is widely used by Zigbee applications such as wireless sensor networks, Zigbee home automation systems, industrial automation, remote control systems, medical care equipment, agriculture automation. In all these communication technologies. Zigbee is a trending international standard for wireless communication technology. Zigbee communication is a specification used to create a communication protocol that creates a network built from low-power digital radios. Zigbee technology is an IEEE 802.15.4 standard. It can communicate up to 100m when it is placed to communicate with other Zigbee module, but it can communicate over long distances when it is connected in mesh technology. Zigbee is used when we require a low data rate application with long battery life and secure network. Zigbee Technology is a low cost, low power, easy to install, low maintenance, and comes with multiple topologies. These specifications made Zigbee protocol available for usage in a wide range of applications. This article discusses a list of ZigBee based projects for engineering students.

What is Zigbee?

Zigbee is a mesh network specification with low-power wireless local area networks (WLANs) that covers a large area. It is designed to provide high data input and output in applications which have a duty cycle as low and low power consumption. The devices that use ZigBee are powered by a battery. Zigbee is often associated with machine-to-machine communication and the Internet of Things. IEEE 802.15.4 physical radio specification is used in unlicensed radio frequency bands, like 2.4 GHz, 900 MHz, and 868 MHz.

XBee Pin Diagram
XBee Pin Diagram

The data transfer modes in ZigBee technology are two like Beacon Mode and Non-beacon mode. In beacon mode, the data is sent periodically in the network. During the time period when the devices do not send information, they enter into a low-power sleep state to gain power consumption. But, the close timing and network synchronization have precise timing needs as the beacon period is of the order of low time. So, the beacon state reduces costs and eventually is a tradeoff between the design constraints and costs. With a non-beacon mode, the coordinators and the routers active in the network have to stay awake for most of the time to listen to the incoming data and hence need a robust power supply. So, the end devices can sleep most of the time and wake up solely for sending data and receiving a trigger; while the core devices are in active mode, the non-beacon mode creates an asymmetric power distribution within the network area by creating a heterogeneous network.

Zigbee Based Projects for ECE Engineering Students

It is the most auspicious wireless communication technologies for engineering students’ projects. There are many reasons why it is so; some of them are high reliability, good data rate, easy usage, low cost, easy availability, and infinite possibilities.

Zigbee based Projects
Zigbee based Projects

Home Security System using Zigbee Wirelessly

Nowadays, home security is the main problem in all over the world due to the theft problem. Theft issues mainly occur because of people’s ignorance and underestimate the requirement of home security. To overcome this issue, the proposed system gives security to houses when they are away from home or sleeping. By using a home security system, everyone’s life is comfortable and safer.

The proposed system namely home security system using Zigbee mainly uses two circuits like a transmitter & a receiver. The transmitter can be built with three PIR sensors to specify the motion in different areas, a proximity sensor is used to notice the window whether that is closed or opened and a temperature sensor is used to get the present temperature.
The receiver circuit can be built with a Zigbee, GSM, and LCD where the Zigbee gives less latency communication. The communication between the transmitter and receiver can be done with the help of a ZigBee Module. Whenever any motion is detected by the PIR sensor, then a notification can be sent to the authorized person.


Detection System for Gas & Fire using Zigbee

Fire accidents, as well as gas leakage, can cause huge damage in the form of health and wealth. To overcome this problem, here is a system namely Zigbee based detection of gas leakage. By using this project, huge damage can be avoided. This project uses gas and fire sensors for the purpose of detecting. If the detection system notices the leakage of gas then the system first turns off the gas supply to avoid more gas leakage. Now the system turns on an exhaust fan to extract the leaked gas.

Also, this system transmits the event data to the concerned person using a wireless device through an interface of Zigbee which is connected to other project boards. Thus, the other board gets this data and shows it on the LCD display & generates an alarm to alert the user.

Smart Wireless Relay Control and Power Monitoring System using Zigbee Technology

We can design a system for wireless relay control and monitoring circuit using Zigbee. It can be used for a home automation system. By using Zigbee we can turn relays on and off by sending commands wirelessly from a PC to a microcontroller. We can monitor the total load at home. We use the XBee Series 2 Zigbee RF module to communicate. Single Module is connected to a microcontroller at home load, and another is connected to the PC with which we can collect and display the data as well as relay monitoring and controlling.

Wireless Underwater Power and Data Transfer

The proposed system like wireless power and data transmission underwater is used to develop a contactless and wireless underwater power transmission system for sensor networks used in underwater. This system is used to transmit the power wirelessly from the center of the sensor to the module of the transducer. The data transmission can be done in two-way in between hub & module.

This project is conducted using a Zigbee transceiver that operates with 2.4GHz of the frequency band. This transceiver communicates through 40mm of low error rates at 25dBm of low RF power to 70mm of high error rate at -3 dBm of a higher power in seawater. When the wireless power transmission is done in freshwater as compared with seawater, the frequency ranges are a little high in freshwater.

Zigbee based Defense Robot

There are different types of robots that are used in the military to carry out several risky tasks. These robots are designed with an integrated system that includes sensors, guns, video screens, cameras, gripper, etc. These robots are available in different shapes based on the requirement of the robot. So here a robot is designed with the Zigbee network to track unknown persons.

This robot can be controlled by Zigbee & PC to find the weapons as well as enemies. It sends the information to the control room so that necessary action can be taken by the PC user. This robot detects gas, temperature, and fire in the environment. This robot picks up the weapons with the help of an arm. When the robot moves in the defense, then the depth of the path can be measured. By using Zigbee communication, obstacles in remote places can be controlled.

Voice Control System for Smart Home using Zigbee Technology

By using Zigbee home automation, we can provide support systems for the elderly and the disabled and who live alone. It recognizes the voice commands and uses low-power RF ZigBee wireless communication modules which are relatively cheap. This system is intended to control all lights and electrical appliances in a home or office using voice commands.

Sensor Helmet for Coal Miners using Zigbee Technology

Coal mining can result in a number of adverse effects, mining operations can lead to leakage of methane and harmful gases that lead to suffocation, gas poisoning, roof collapse, and gas explosions and water hazards with using a Zigbee intelligent system that can be used to detect hazardous situations, it can send alert to protect the emergency situations.

Patient Monitoring System using Zigbee

In a standalone application data monitoring systems, the output can be in the form of display, buzzer, memory storage devices, etc. Devices are placed in order to collect the data and, this data can be transmitted to centrally located PC servers for further analysis and storage via different communication mediums like Zigbee, serial GSM technologies.  These can also be called a Medicare system.

PC to PC & Machine to Machine Communication using Zigbee

We can establish a perfect wireless communication channel between computers and microcontrollers using the ZigBee protocol. This technology is useful for a cost-efficient communication protocol, which is available free of cost. Zigbee protocol is an open-source application, so we can download and use it for simple applications. This protocol is enormously used in communication equipment.

Automatic Plant Irrigation System with Water Pump Control using Zigbee Technology

By using an automatic plant irrigation system, we can save water, manpower, and time. By using Zigbee technology, we can monitor water by taking readings from a remote location. We can implement such a system in parks, agricultural fields, and lawns by placing sensors in the soil that monitors the moisture level in the soil. If the water content is reduced, then the system will send the information about the moisture level to the microcontroller by using Zigbee modules.  The microcontroller will monitor the motor to turn on /off.

Zigbee based Electronics Projects

The list of Zigbee based project ideas for engineering students is listed below. This list includes Zigbee based mini projects and Zigbee based wireless sensor network projects.

  1. Meter Reading System Automatically using Zigbee & GSM
  2. Fire Monitoring in Forests through Zigbee Network
  3. Zigbee based Transmission Protocol for Monitoring the Patient Wirelessly
  4. Monitoring of Weather Station using ARM7 & Zigbee
  5. Zigbee based a Wireless Surveillance & Safety System used for Mine Workers
  6. IEEE based Environmental Parameters Monitoring using Zigbee Network
  7. Monitoring System for Physical Parameters which are Wearable
  8. Zigbee and CAN Bus based WSN & Multiway Bus
  9. GSM & Zigbee based Patient Monitoring & Alerting System
  10. An Intelligent Blind Rod based on Zigbee Technology-IEEE
  11. Zigbee & Self Adjusting Sensor based Smart Home Services
  12. Multiple Devices Controlling through IR Remote & Zigbee
  13. Zigbee & MEMS sensor-based Security System from Anti Theft for Electrical Equipments
  14. Authorization & Controlling System through Zigbee & Cam
  15. Zigbee & GPRS based Bus Monitoring System
  16. Zigbee WSN based Telemetry System for Heart Rate Monitoring
  17. Zigbee based Logging & Data Acquisition System with Zigbee
  18. Design Issues of Zigbee Sensor Network used for Healthcare Applications
  19. Zigbee based Automatic Meter Reading
  20. Zigbee based Home Monitoring System Design
  21. Zigbee based Safety Monitoring System Design for Integrated Mine
  22. Designing of Control System for Home Appliance using Zigbee & ARM
  23. Meter Reading System Design using GPRS & Zigbee
  24. Zigbee & Data Acquisition System for Detecting the Remote Areas Conditions
  25. Zigbee based Voice Control System Development for Home Automation Networks
  26. WSN Node Development based on Zigbee for Automatic Data Acquisition
  27. Zigbee based Home Security System Development
  28. Zigbee based Controlling of Street Lights
  29. Home Lighting Systems Controlled Digitally through Zigbee
  30. Embedded System based Equipment Controlling in Industries using Zigbee
  31. Body Sensor Network System (BSN) Evaluation using Zigbee
  32. Zigbee based Fire & Smoke Detection
  33. Zigbee based Fire Detection
  34. Automation System for Home & Industries
  35. Cryptography Implementation on PC through Zigbee
  36. Home Security through Monitoring & Controlling System using Zigbee & GSM
  37. Zigbee based Industrial Automation
  38. Monitoring of Industrial Parameters & Controlling of Crane through Zigbee
  39. Congestion Controlling in Ambulance through Zigbee
  40. Zigbee based Traffic Control for Emergency Vehicle
  41. Control System for LED Lighting based on Zigbee WSN
  42. Zigbee based Development of Messenger
  43. Wireless Chat using Zigbee & Microcontroller
  44. Zigbee based Alarming & Monitoring System
  45. Zigbee based Robot using Multi Sensors
  46. GSM & Zigbee based Patient Monitoring for Hospitals
  47. Zigbee & PC based Data Logger based on Wireless Temperatur
  48. Zigbee based Robot Controlled by PC
  49. Zigbee based PC to PC Communication
  50. Monitoring of Paddy Crop Field using Zigbee
  51. GSM & Zigbee based Home Automation System
  52. Zigbee based Pantry Information in Real-Time
  53. Calling Bell Enabled by Voice through Zigbee & RFID
  54. Zigbee based Spy Robot
  55. Monitoring System of Energy Meter using Zigbee
  56. Designing of Helmet for Coal Mines using Zigbee
  57. Zigbee & ARM-based
  58. Home Security System
  59. Management System for Power using Zigbee
  60. Zigbee & MEMS Sensor based Smart Mouse
  61. Zigbee Protocol Design Depending on Mobile Node within WSN
  62. Zigbee based Flexible Bus System
  63. RFID & Zigbee based Coal Mine Safety
  64. Monitoring of Mine Safety using Zigbee
  65. GSM & Zigbee based Tracing & Monitoring of ATM Device theft Location
  66. Zigbee & GSM based Wireless Smart House
  67. Zigbee based Home Automation using Touch Panel
  68. Automation of Modern Restaurant through Zigbee
  69. Automation of Next Generation Apartments using Zigbee
  70. Arm7lpc2148 based Data Acquisition System with Zigbee
  71. Vehicle Authentication & Identification System Wirelessly using Zigbee
  72. Zigbee based Designing of Weather Station
  73. Zigbee based Access Control System through Wireless Fingerprint
  74. ECG Monitoring & Alarm System through Zigbee
  75. Attendance System using Fingerprint & Zigbee
  76. Robot Controlled by Touch Screen using Zigbee
  77. System Restart, Log Off & Shutdown of System using Zigbee
  78. Wireless Communication Helper using Touch Screen & Zigbee for Illiterate & Dumb People in Airlines
  79. Electronic Notice Board Wirelessly using Zigbee & Multi-Point Receiver

Zigbee based Projects using Arduino

The list of Zigbee based Arduino projects for engineering students includes the following.

  1. Arduino Nano based Smart Car
  2. Smart Traffic Light using Arduino Nano
  3. Controlling of Emission from Vehicle with Arduino Nano
  4. Zigbee Interfacing with Arduino Board
  5. XBee Module Interfacing through Arduino
  6. XBee Module & Arduino based Home Automation
  7. Smart Drip based Irrigation System with Arduino &Rraspberry Pi

Zigbee Based Projects for Electrical

The list of Zigbee based electrical projects includes the following.

  1. Irrigation System using Zigbee
  2. Street Light Controlling & Automation System using Zigbee
  3. Meter Reading through Zigbee
  4. Zigbee based Irrigation System through Wirelessly
  5. Stepper Motor Speed Control through Zigbee
  6. Controlling of Energy Efficient Lighting at Outdoor using Zigbee
  7. Controlling of DC Motor Speed using Zigbee

Zigbee based Projects based on IEEE

The list of Zigbee based IEEE projects includes the following.

  1. Zigbee Communication based Energy Meter Controlling in Household
  2. Zigbee based Speech Communication Codes Comparison to Transmit the Speech or Voice
  3. ZigBee based Analysis of Performance for Home Automation System
  4. Web Services based Appliances Integration Dynamically to Home Networks based on Zigbee
  5. Zigbee & RSSI based Algorithm used for Localization Efficiently
  6. Irrigation System using Web, WSN and Linux Board in Embedded
  7. Communication System based on Zigbee used for Data Transfer in Microgrids for Future
  8. Power Harvesting WSN Solution used for Disaggregated Estimation of Current used in Huge Buildings
  9. Bluetooth & Zigbee based Wireless Gateway with Low Energy for Monitoring the Remote Parameter
  10. Home Monitoring System Design using ZigBee Technology
  11. Zigbee on WSN to Monitor Patient & Application of Home Automation
  12. Wireless Network of ZigBee based Data Transmission Research
  13. IAQ Monitoring using ZigBee based for Subway Stations in Underground
  14. Phase Tracking of ZigBee Signal with an Estimator of Discrete Kalman Filter below AWGN Channel
  15. Monitoring System of Healthcare using ZigBee for Living Environments through Ambient Assisted
  16. Zigbee based Monitoring System for Soldier
  17. Detection of Electricity Wirelessly with Zigbee
  18. Analysis of Performance for ZigBee Sensor Network
  19. 6LoWPAN & Zigbee Comparative Study
  20. Border Alert using IoT, GPS & Zigbee for Fisherman
  21. ZigBee RF Performance Over Raspberry Pi3 used for IoT based Monitoring of BP Sensors
  22. Monitoring & Alerting System of Flood with Zigbee & IoT
  23. The architecture of a Network Layer using Zigbee & IoT
  24. Monitoring System of Multiple Patients with ZigbeeIoT & Zigbee based Automation for Home
  25. Ordering of Menu Implementation with Zigbee
  26. Kin Shipped of Robots using Zigbee
  27. Monitoring of Environment using Zigbee & WSN

This is all about an overview of Zigbee based projects for ECE students. We hope that you might have got a better understanding of this concept. Furthermore, for any queries regarding this article or electronics projects, please give your valuable suggestions by commenting in the comment section below.

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