Arduino Uno Projects for Beginners and Engineering Students

Arduino UNO is a Microcontroller developed using ATmega328P. It has 14 digital I/O pins. From among these 14 pins, 6 are used for PWM output. Besides these Uno also has 6 analog inputs, a 16 MHz quartz crystal. It also contains a USB connection along with a power jack, an ICSP header, and a reset button. This Uno can be viewed as a plug and play device. To get started, one simply has to connect it to the computer using a USB connection or can power it using an AC-DC adapter or battery. For programming an Arduino Uno, an Arduino IDE is required. To work on Arduino, one has to install this IDE on the computer and write programs using it. The ATmega328P is preprogrammed with the boot loader. So, one can upload new code to the Uno without the use of an external programmer. This article list outs Arduino Uno Projects for beginners and engineering students include the following.

Simple Arduino Uno Projects for Beginners

Some of the exciting Arduino projects for the beginners are listed below. Once the Arduino software IDE is installed, connect the Arduino UNO board to the computer using a USB connection. In the IDE go to the TOOLS and then BOARD and select the board from the drop list. To select the port, go to the TOOLS, then from PORT select the port that says ARDUINO.

Arduino Uno Board
Arduino Uno Board

Blink an LED

The hardware parts required are

  • Arduino UNO board.
  • Breadboard.
  • Jumper Wires.
  • LED.
  • 220Ω Resistor.
  • USB cable.

Step 1: Insert the Black jumper wire into the ground pin on the Arduino and the other end to the ground on the breadboard .i.e. row 15.

Step 2: Insert the red jumper wire to the pin 13 of the Arduino and the other end to the F column and 7th row of the breadboard.

Step 3: Place the long end of the LED into the 7th row of the H column of the breadboard.

Step 4: Place the short leg of the LED into the 4th row of the H column of the breadboard.

Step 5: Place one end of the resistor in the Ground rail at the 4th row of the breadboard and the other end into the 4th row I column of the breadboard. Now connect the Arduino the computer using USB.

After making all the connections now to program the Uno, open the IDE. Arduino IDE has some built-in programs, which one can simply copy and use. To blink an LED program open FILE then choose the EXAMPLES option, then go to the BASICS option and then choose the BLINK option. This will open the Blink LED program.

Use the verify button, given at the top left of the IDE box, to check the program the errors by compiling. Once it indicates “ Done Compiling” the program is ready to be used. Click the upload button to upload the program into the Arduino board.

The built-in LED of the board flash rapidly for a few seconds and the program will start to execute. If there are no errors, the LED on the breadboard will Turn ON for a second and then Turn OFF for a second and continue in the loop.

In the same way, as described above by choosing a different code and customizing the Hardware required one can work on Uno hustle free.

Arduino Uno Test

This is a simple and basic electronic project. This project can be built with Arduino Uno to check the Uno board by flashing an LED that is directly connected to the UNO board.

Designing a Push Button to Turn ON and OFF a LED

This simple push-button project can be built with an Arduino Uno. This push button switch is used to turn ON and turn OFF an LED.

Designing a Potentiometer to Change the Resistance Values of an LED

This potentiometer circuit can be built with an Arduino Uno on a breadboard. This simple project is used to control the LED resistance. The LED’s frequency can be controlled by turning the Knob ON.

LED Scrolling

This simple LED scrolling project is used to blink six LEDs at a time or in a backward and forward pattern. This kind of circuit was designed for the Knight Rider show which featured an automobile using looping LEDs.

Arduino to Increase or Decrease the Intensity of the LED

This simple LED fade project is designed with an Arduino Uno board. By using a PWM pin on this board, the intensity of an LED like increase and decrease of LED brightness can be controlled.

Arduino Uno LCD Display Project

This LCD (liquid crystal display) screen project is designed with an Arduino Uno board. This display can able to show the text on its display. By using this project, words like Hello Word can be displayed on the LCD. A potentiometer is used for adjusting the display’s contrast

DC Motor Control

In this DC motor speed control project, an Arduino Uno is used. This project is used to control the speed of the DC motor through a switching transistor. If the connections on the breadboard are correct then motor spinning can be achieved.

Arduino Uno Projects for Engineering Students

Arduino project ideas for engineering students are listed below for students to try and experiment.

Arduino Uno Projects
Arduino Uno Projects

The list of Arduino Uno projects for engineering students includes the following.

Arduino Uno GPS Tracker Project

This project is implemented with Arduino Uno and GPS to track the vehicle. In this project, A GSM modem using a SIM card is used for communication purposes. This system can be arranged in the vehicle. Once the installation is done, we can simply track our stolen vehicle with the help of a mobile phone. This application is also used for tracking the college bus or school bus.

Driverless Metro Train Using Arduino-Uno

In the past, metro train accidents mainly occur because of several reasons such as driver fault, error in the signal, and no control while operating manually. To overcome this problem, a driverless metro train is developed using Arduino Uno. This train improves the railway network management system to reduce human errors and uses less power to provide safety as well as comfort to travelers while traveling.

Arduino Uno Project Smart Dustbin

This project is used to implement a smart Dustin using the Arduino Uno board. By using this project, it will prevent the overflow of garbage at roadsides. This dustbin will make the surroundings clean and green. In this project, the routing algorithm is used to find the shortest way for the vehicles to collect the garbage easily by reducing the number of vehicles.

Arduino Uno IR Sensor Project

This project is used to control the light-emitting diodes using an infrared sensor as well as a remote. Whenever a remote button is pressed, then an infrared signal can transmit to the infrared sensor in the form of code. After that, this sensor will receive the signal and transmits it to the Arduino.

Arduino Uno Project using Vending Machine

This project is used to design a vending machine using Arduino Uno. This project uses an RFID system. Once the RFID tag is swiped across the RFID reader then some quantity of liquid can be given out. The display used in this project is alphanumeric LCD which displays the instructions and operation to follow while producing the liquid. This machine is used in many organizations like colleges, hospitals to provide the service to the customers without human involvement.

Music Instrument using Arduino

This project is used to design a music instrument using Arduino Uno. This project can be controlled through hand gestures. In this project, a flick board is used to detect hand gestures in 3D space from up to 15cms away.

By using a flick of the wrist, we can control home appliances like music system, TV, computer, etc. In this project, a musical instrument is designed by using an Arduino Uno and Flick.

Door Lock based on Fingerprint and Arduino Uno

This project develops a door lock system using fingerprint. By using this project, we can unlock the door using fingerprints. This project is used to overcome the lock system using keys because it is not secured. In this project, the door system opens when the fingerprint is tapped on the door lock.

Robot Car

This project designs a robot car using Arduino Uno. In this project, a DC motor is used in the robot car, This robot car can be controlled through Arduino Uno along with a Motor Driver IC.

Home Automation using Arduino Uno

This project develops a home automation system to control home appliances easily. The controlling of home appliances can be done using an android app, a few modules, and Arduino Uno. So, electrical appliances can be controlled through voice commands with Bluetooth.

Arduino Uno Projects with Sensors

Arduino Uno projects using sensors are discussed below.

Thermometer using LM35 Sensor & Arduino Uno

Temperature measurement within the given environment is essential. By using this parameter, the temperature can be controlled in industries, computer CPU, incubators, and many other applications. So, a temperature sensor that is configured appropriately is used for activating other devices whenever the ambient temperature is below or above the fixed value. Therefore, the LM35 temperature sensor is used to design the Didactic Thermometer

Arduino Uno & IR Sensor-based Automatic Gate Opener

At present, the usage of the automation system was increased. Similarly, an automatic gate door opening and closing are implemented. Whenever a person comes near to the gate then the gate will open automatically by sensing the presence of a person & closed by itself automatically. This system is also applicable to the main gate or car garage.

Mini Weather Station

This project is used to design a mini weather station using Arduino Uno. This project uses a WiFi connection to post data online with the help of the ThingSpeak platform. This station mainly collects the data like temperature, the intensity of light, atmospheric pressure, and humidity by using different sensors.

Soil Moisture Sensor using Arduino Uno

In this project, the soil moisture sensor is interfaced with the Arduino Uno board. It works with 2 volts to 5 volts supply and the length of detection is 38mm. This sensor looks like a fork so we can easily insert it in the soil. This sensor is used to detect the moisture level of the soil. When the soil moisture increases then the analog o/p voltage will also be increased.

Window Alarm Annunciator

This project is used to implement a window alarm annunciator using Arduino Uno. The main function of the annunciator is to process the power plants, industries to alert the operators regarding abnormal situations otherwise parameter differences.

Audio Meter using Arduino Uno

This project is used to design an audiometer with the help of an Arduino Uno. This project uses an LCD. An SVI (standard volume indicator) or a VU meter is a device used to display the signal level within audio devices. In this proposed system, the intensity of two channels like right and left audio signals can be provided like input to the UNO board which is displayed like bars over the display. In this project, the Arduino Uno board’s analog input pins are mainly used for measuring the levels of audio-signals.

Alarm Clock using Arduino Uno

This project implements an alarm clock with the help of an Arduino Uno. This simple project uses an LCD as well as a real-time CLK module. The designing of this whole project can be done using a prototyping shield & allied to a power supply. The piezoelectric buzzer is used to generate the sound at the current periods.

Wi-Fi Controlled Robot

This project implements a robot which can be controlled through WiFi. The control of this robot can be done anywhere with the help of the ARMA IoT shield as well as the Blynk App to provide the user interface. In this project, the Uno board is connected to the Wi-Fi with the help of an ARMA IoT shield. This can be controlled through the Blynk app which supports Android as well as iOS.

GPS Clock using Arduino Uno

This project is used to design a Clock using GPS & Arduino Uno. The GPS enabled clocks gives accurate time. These clocks are universal and used in public places like airports, bus stands, and railway stations. These clocks are mainly applicable to the military.

Some more Arduino Uno project ideas for engineering students include the following. These ideas are very useful for engineering students in making projects.

  1. Arduino Uno
  2. Driverless metro train using Arduino-Uno.
  3. O meter.
  4. Color mixing lamp.
  5. Light Theremin.
  6. Keyboard instrument.
  7. Digital Hourglass.
  8. Collision Avoidance Drone.
  9. Snake robot.
  10. Arduino color sorter.
  11. Arduino solar tracker.
  12. Fire Alarm system.
  13. Heart rate measuring system using IR base sensor and UNO.
  14. Measurement of power and energy using UNO.
  15. High-efficiency dual axis solar tracking development using Arduino.
  16. Intelligent smart home automation and security system using Arduino
  17. Continuous heart rate and body temperature monitoring system using  Uno and Android devices.
  18. Smart farming using Arduino and data mining.
  19. An Arduino investigation of simple harmonic motion.
  20. An inexpensive Arduino based LED simulator for vision research.
  21. wireless RF communication between two Arduino.
  22. An Arduino based indoor positioning system using visible light communication and ultrasound.
  23. Arduino and GSM based smart energy meter for advanced metering and billing system.
  24. Arduino based smart RFID security and attendance system with audio acknowledgment.
  25. Low-cost portable oscilloscope based on Arduino and GLCD.
  26. Smart electronic wheelchair-using Arduino and Bluetooth module.
  27. Design and development of gas leakage monitoring system using Arduino and ZigBee.
  28. Automated hydroponics nutrition plant systems using Arduino Uno microcontroller based on Android.
  29. Air ventilation system for server room security using Arduino.
  30. Brain-computer interface using Arduino.
  31. Surveillance robot using Arduino microcontroller.
  32. A framework for environmental monitoring with Arduino based sensors using restful web service.
  33. A real-time battery monitoring system using LabView interface for Arduino.
  34. Arduino based wireless intrusion detection using IR sensor and GSM.

Arduino UNO Projects using Ultrasonic Sensor

An Arduino Uno projects list with an ultrasonic sensor is discussed below.

Ultrasonic Sensor
Ultrasonic Sensor

4WD Smart Robot Car

In this project, a Smart Robot Car is designed that can avoid obstacles and follow the given directions to reach the destination. This car can function automatically or manually by using the Bluetooth module. The hardware used for this project is an Arduino UNO, Dual H bridge motor driver, Ultrasonic sensor, Bluetooth module, Contact avoidance sensor, Line Tracking sensor, and Li-Ion battery.

Door Alarm using an Ultrasonic Sensor & Arduino Uno

This project is used to design a door alarm system with the help of an ultrasonic sensor. In this project, this sensor is used as a distance sensor. The main function of this sensor is to detect the distance of an object from the target. When somebody comes in a certain distance then a door alarm can be generated. Based on the distance value, the buzzer will turn ON/OFF automatically.

Ultrasonic Range Detector

In this project, an Ultrasonic sensor is used with Arduino to measure distance without using a ruler. Similar to the method used by bats to measure distance by using echo, here the ultrasonic transmitters emit the ultrasonic sound and measure the distance by calculating the time it has taken for the ultrasonic sound to hit the object and return back to the Ultrasonic receiver.

The list of best Arduino Uno projects is listed below.

  1. Arduino motion detector camera using Arduino UNO.
  2. The integrated smart belt for blind’s mobility.
  3. Trash talker using bolt IoT.
  4. Door alarm using the ultrasonic sensor.
  5. Mini Acoustic Levitation.
  6. A Geiger counter simulator.
  7. Arduino HC-04 and 8×8 matrix MAX7219.
  8. Water level alerting system.
  9. Automated clothes and shoe donation machine.
  10. Auto ultrasonic car.
  11. Arduino Soliton radar.
  12. Blind runner alarm- speed measuring device.

Thus, this is all about the list of Arduino Uno provides which can easily use hardware and software facilities. Flexible characteristics provided by Arduino boards have made them a great choice of hardware to do projects, both for students and professional engineers. Being open-source Arduino has become a key tool to learn and implement new technologies such as IoT etc. How Arduino has helped you to make your idea a reality?