Wi-Fi Working Principle, Types of Technologies and Applications

A Brief Introduction About Wi-Fi:

Wi-Fi is a popular wireless networking technology. Wi-Fi stands for “wireless fidelity”. The Wi-Fi was invented by NCR corporation/AT&T in Netherlands in 1991. By using this technology we can exchange the information between two or more devices. Wi-Fi has been developed for mobile computing devices, such has laptops, but it is now extensively using for mobile applications and consumer electronics like televisions, DVD players and digital cameras. There should be two possibilities in communicating with the Wi-Fi connection that may be through access point to the client connection or client to client connection. Wi-Fi is a one type of wireless technology. It is commonly called as wireless LAN (local area network). Wi-Fi allows local area networks to operate without cable and wiring. It is making popular choice for home and business networks. A computer’s wireless adaptor transfers the data into a radio signal and transfers the data into antenna for users.

WIFI Technology
WIFI Technology

Working Principle:

Wi-Fi is a high speed internet connection and network connection without use of any cables or wires. The wireless network is operating three essential elements that are radio signals, antenna and router. The radio waves are keys which make the Wi-Fi networking possible. The computers and cell phones are ready with Wi-Fi cards. Wi-Fi compatibility has been using a new creation to constituent within the ground connected with community network. The actual broadcast is connected with in sequence in fact it is completed by way of stereo system surf as well as the worth of wires with monitor to classification prone. Wi-Fi allows the person in order to get access to web any place in the actual provided area. You can now generate a system within Resorts, library, schools, colleges, campus, personal institutes, as well as espresso stores as well as on the open public spot to help to make your company much more lucrative as well as interact with their own customer whenever. Wi-Fi compatibility can make surf with stare to company using their inspiring cable television much a smaller amount force down.

 The radio signals are transmitted from antennas and routers that signals are picked up by Wi-Fi receivers, such has computers and cell phones that are ready with Wi-Fi cards. Whenever the computer receives the signals with in the range of 100-150 feet for router it connect the device immediately. The range of the Wi-Fi is depends upon the environment, indoor or outdoor ranges. The Wi-Fi cards will read the signals and create an internet connection between user and network. The speed of the device using Wi-Fi connection increases as the computer gets closer to the main source and speed is decreases computer gets further away.

WI-FI Connections
WI-FI Connections

Many new laptops, mobile phones have inbuilt Wi-Fi card you don’t have to do any thing which is one of the best thing. If it is a free- based type of network connection the user will be promoted with a login id and password. The free base network connections also well in some areas. The Wi-Fi network connection is creating hot spots in the cities. The hot spots are a connection point of Wi-Fi network. It is a small box that is hardwired in to the internet. There are many Wi-Fi hot spots available in public places like restaurants, airports, and hotels offices, universities etc.


Security is impartment element in the Wi-Fi technology. Security is our personal decision but having a wireless connection we should pay attention to protect our private details. We can connect easily to unsecured wireless routers. The problem is any one is connected to your wire less router using the data like download games, download apps and planning terrorist activities, shirring illegal music and movie files etc. So it is necessary to provide security to the wireless technologies based devices.


How to make the Security?

All routers have a web page that you can connect for configuring the Wi-Fi security. And turn on WEP (Wire Equivalence Privacy) and enter a password and remember this password. Next time when you will connect your laptop Wi-Fi router will ask you to enter the connection password and you enter that password.

Types of WI-FI Technologies:

Currently they are four major types of WIFI technologies.

  • Wi-Fi-802.11a
  • Wi-Fi-802.11b
  • Wi-Fi-802.11g
  • Wi-Fi-802.11n

802.11a is the one of a series of wireless technology. That defines the format and structure of the radio signals sent out by WI-FI networking routers and antennas.


802.11b is the one of a series of wireless technology. 802. 11b support bandwidth 11mbps. Signal in unregulated frequency spectrum around 2.4 GHz. This is a low frequency compared with Wi-Fi-802.11a means it is working reasonable distance. It is interference with micro owns cordless phones and other appliance.  It is low-cost; signal range is good using home appliance.


In 2002 and 2003, This Technology supporting a newer slandered products. It is best technology of 802.11a and 802.11b. The 802.11 b support bandwidth upto 54mbps and it use a 2.4 GHz frequency for greater range. This cost is more than 802.11b. It is fast accessing and maximum speed.


The 802.11n is the newest WIFI technology. It was designed to improve on 802.11g .The amount of bandwidth supported by utilizing multiple wireless signals and antennas instead of one. It supports 100 mbps bandwidth and increased signal intensity.


  • Mobile applications
  • Business applications
  • Home applications
  • Computerized application
  • Automotive segment
  • Browsing internet
  • Video conference


  • Wireless laptop can be moved from one place to another place
  • Wi-Fi network communication devices without wire can reduce the cost of wires.
  • Wi-Fi setup and configuration is easy than cabling process
  • It is completely safe and it will not interfere with any network
  • We can also connect internet via hot spots
  • We can connect internet wirelessly


  • Wi-Fi generates radiations which can harm the human health
  • We must disconnect the Wi-Fi connection whenever we are not using the server
  • There are some limits to transfer the data, we cant able to transfer the data for long distance
  • Wi-Fi implementation is very expensive when compared to the wired connection


  1. http://mywifiext.local says:

    very nice post, i certainly love this website, carry on it

  2. vigneshwaran says:

    Super sir. Nice.
    Do you have any WhatsApp no. For contact in case of doubt sir.

  3. shama parween says:

    sir, how can I prepare for the wifi technology in interview questions

  4. Sir, I have a doubt, Can someone hack a WiFi even if the security system is modified to provide internet access only to registered MAC address?

  5. sazzeb sam says:

    Please Sir

    can have project material on Wifi Working Principle Types and Application

  6. N.kasthuri says:

    it’ s very helpfull in this topic

    1. Tarun Agarwal says:

      Hi Kasthuri,

      Thank you for your appreciation. It really helps us to work hard.

      Suvarna (Mobile: +91 9959178000)

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