How to Select the Final Year Projects?

Project work is completely new to some of the graduates and is a clean slate to start from. It is unstructured and a blank canvas. Earlier they have been used to theory and lab courses. Theory courses came with prescribed textbooks and lab works are described as term works to be carried out in the lab. Compared to the project work is completely different, the theory courses and lab works may not helpful here. It was a common goal and a particular approach or strategy. Unexpectedly project work is a determination of common goal and group approach.

Every year, many engineering scholars need to plan themselves for their major/final year projects. The final year project plays an extraordinary role in demonstrating the effectiveness of studying the results of modules that the students have taken throughout their studies.


When the time comes, thousands of queries go out:
  • What sort of project would it be a good idea for me to do?
  • What steps would it be advisable for me to take?
  • In what capacity might it be advisable for me to prepare the project report?
  • By what technique would it be advisable for me to present my project?
  • Would that project helpful for my career or not?

To overcome these questions, here we give basic ideas to select the final year projects for ECE, EIE and EEE students.

What kind of project must I do?

Always select the project that has the value addition. Don’t ever pick just any project that your advisor gave over it to you or your friend suggested it to you. As a graduate, you should select a project which is either advantageous to a lot of people or enhance your technical skills and managerial both. Your project must play its role in a positive growth/development in that specific field. So, do a need assessment of your project which will you know the need and value of the project.

Focus on your area of interest:

Many graduates/engineers select their projects without looking at their interests and select it blindly. This is not the right way of selecting the project. Throughout the selection/finalizing of the project, first of all, know the basic things of the project, scope of the project and then select one of them which you will feel better for you.

If you are an electronics student, then there are four areas to do the project work, they are given below:

PCBWay

  • Digital signal processing (DSP)
  • VLSI
  • Communication
  • Embedded systems

One has to choose the project topic dependent upon the personal interest in the subject, availability of resources and cost during the project design. An engineering project usually comprises of the design and implementation of the system.

If you choose the Digital Signal Processing (DSP) as your major project, DSP based projects allow the students to know the processing of the digital and audio signals. This project mainly consists of only a simulation process using the MATLAB software, there is no hardware implementation in signal processing. The DSP projects are not only for Electronics students even EEE and EIE students may also choose.

If you choose VLSI Projects as your final year project, VLSI based projects allow the students to know VLSI system design and involve the design of new ICs. VLSI projects are implemented by different vendors like Altera and Xilinx. The VLSI projects are not only for ECE students even EEE students may also choose. The ECE projects in VLSI can be used in communication technologies. Similarly, EEE projects in VLSI can be on machine control, electrical communication, etc.

Even with the extension of digital technology and remote transmission has never been more essential. Transmitters, wireless internet and Bluetooth technology are changing day by day, how people communicate and transmit information. These technologies depend on communication only. If you choose the Communication as your major project, then there are many Communications Projects using DTMF, GSM, PC, XBEE, RF, RFID, and Smart Card.

  • DTMF: DTMF is a new signaling technique, which is an identifying the keys or the number on a push button, using a combination of two frequencies high and low to identify the dialed numbers or a signal. There are many DTMF based projects developed for engineering students. For idea we are giving some DTMF Projects, please follow the links:
  • RF: Radio Frequency (RF) is based on the behavior of electromagnetic energy waves. The range of frequency about 3 kHz to 300 GHz. In baby monitors, wireless Internet routers and automatic garage doors are operates based on RF concepts. For idea we are giving some RF Projects, please follow the links:
  • RFID: RFID is a technology used to identify track and trace objects using radio waves, which consist of barcodes and smart cards. There are many reasons to choose RFID projects, multiple memory maps stored in the open RFID tag and No battery required. For idea we are giving some RFID Projects, please follow the links:
  • Smart Card: Smart card contains an embedded microchip or microprocessor type that stores and transacts data used for cash payment, phone calling and many other applications. For idea we are giving some Smart card Project, please follow the link:
  • XBee: The XBee is a series of modular products that make deploying wireless technology easy and cost-efficient. The XBee module can communicate up to 100 feet indoors or 300 feet outdoors. They ideal for low power and low-cost applications. For idea we are giving some XBee Projects, please follow the link:
  • GSM: GSM systems widely used mobile communication systems in the world. It is used in transaction terminals, supply chain management, safety/security applications and weather stations. For idea we are giving some GSM Projects, please follow the links:
  • Embedded: If you choose embedded projects as your final year project, the embedded system based projects allow the students to know the real-time applications. There are many reasons to choose the embedded systems projects, because of ease of demonstration, cost-efficient, easy to understand and explain, etc. There are many microcontrollers to develop embedded systems like 8051, AVR and PIC. A large number of embedded systems use the 8051 microcontrollers for doing the projects. Because of the 8051 board, we can quickly and easily learn the 8051 programmings. By using 8051 microcontrollers we can program and reprogrammed. For idea we are giving some embedded projects, please follow the links:
    • Networking of multiple microcontrollers
    • Detecting power grid synchronization failure on sensing frequency or voltage beyond an acceptable range
Importance of Final year/Major Project:

No matter what sort of project you select, make sure that you take time to consider all the pertinent factors. There many reasons to say final year projects are important:

  • The major project is the greatest single piece of work we will do throughout our graduation.
  • That allows us to specialize in a subject we are a delight in.
  • It allows us to show off an extensive variety of the skills and knowledge studied during our graduation.
  • It empowers the integration of material learned in the course.
  • In the interview point view, the employees will most likely ask questions about the project.

18 Comments

  1. Aniket Vichare says:

    This is a very informational blog! I loved it, I was looking for something like this because I have been handed out a project by my professor which does not interest me at all and the final year project like you mentioned should be based on your area of interest and has value addition. Great post!

    1. Tarun Agarwal says:

      Hi Aniket,
      Thank you very much for telling me how much you have enjoyed reading my column
      Please visit our website once https://www.elprocus.com
      For any assistance or for customization of projects please email us on team@elprocus.com

  2. Am studying btech 4th year(final year) i have to do minor project on VLSI or EMBEDDED.can u plz suggest what’s the best one to choose VLSI or EMBEDDED

  3. anil singh rajpoot says:

    Hi sir I want to choose vlsi based projects as our final year project…

  4. this is the most insightful website i have ever come across. i am really in need of an embedded project or an electrical like project to do. if u can assist me with such for i really need to kickstart my self into such a world of electronics. provision of the steps and the source codes would help me greatly. thank you in advance

  5. suresh kumar says:

    sir iam confused to select final year project,,,

  6. Venkat Pathi says:

    Is it possible data acquisition and analysis using standalone embedded system instead of using pc?

    1. Team ElProCus says:

      We have sent a mail to you with details, please check it once and let me know if you have any questions.

  7. sir i want new projects based on VLSI i.e.xilinx

    1. Team ElProCus says:

      We deal with hardware based projects in the areas of Embedded, Electrical, Robotics, Communication, Solar, Power Electronics, General Electronics and Sensor based.

      Please visit our website once https://www.elprocus.com
      For any assistance or for customization of projects please email us on team@elprocus.com

  8. swathistorm8 says:

    Doing a final year project of your own is not an easy one. Because i am also tried, but failed. Then i went to a project centre for doing my project. They gave me a booklet that contains a list of project titles. Then I select one from that list. They teach me everything about the project.

    1. Team ElProCus says:

      We train students by means of our Do It Yourself Edgefx Kits in the areas of Embedded, Electrical and Electronics. We at Edgefx give complete solution in the form of descriptive audio-visuals, complete set of components including tool kit, so the student can gain good practical knowledge and hands on experience while using the Do It Yourself Edgefx Kit. To increase your knowledge in electronics and for free circuits you can register on the blog https://www.elprocus.com, so you get all the updated information in your mailbox and many such blogs on electronics.
      Please visit our website once https://www.elprocus.com
      For any assistance or for customization of projects please email us on team@elprocus.com

  9. Nowadays lot of students can’t do their final year projects, Because of poor practical knowledge. They just read from the book and write in the paper. Any students want to gain knowledge about their projects. Then you must go to project centre. Most centres are doing projects like IEEE, Java, and Embedded.

    1. Team ElProCus says:

      To increase your knowledge in electronics and for free circuits you can register on the blog https://www.elprocus.com, so you get all the updated information in your mailbox and many such blogs on electronics.

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