2SC5200 Transistor : Pin Configuration & Its Applications

The 2SC5200 transistor is an NPN polarity-based power transistor, designed to use in general-purpose switching and power amplifier-based applications. This transistor includes three terminals and three layers where terminals are emitter, base & collector and layers are N, P & N. Here, the p doped layer is arranged between two n doped layers. So, this article discusses an overview of a 2SC5200 transistor which includes its working & its applications.

What is 2SC5200 Transistor?

The 2SC5200 is an NPN transistor, used in different AF amplifiers and high power-based audio circuits because of its high collector current and high gain of current. This transistor is manufactured by Toshiba and it is still replaced with TTA5200.

This high-power transistor is accessible in the TO-264 package which is made with epoxy & plastic material for designing different amplifiers. The collector to emitter voltage (VCE) of this transistor is 230V whereas the collector current is 30A. These transistors are used in TVs, mobiles, flip flops, industrial control, etc.

2SC5200 NPN Transistor
2SC5200 NPN Transistor

Once these transistors operate through high collector current and switching frequency then they heat up very quickly, thus they are used with a heat sink always. So that the circuit can be protected from overheating.

In most of the amplifier circuit designs, 2SC5200 transistor is used along with its complement like 2SA1943. Similar to Class B amplifiers, most of the amplifiers use a push-pull circuit including two transistors like PNP & NPN. So both the transistors are used together frequently to build high-power-based amplifiers.

Pin Configuration

The pin configuration of the 2SC5200 Transistor and its symbol is shown below. This transistor includes three terminals where each one is discussed below.

2SC5200 Transistor Pin Configuration
2SC5200 Transistor Pin Configuration
  • Pin1 (Base): Controls the biasing of the transistor, used to turn ON or OFF the transistor
  • Pin2 (Collector): Current flows in through collector, normally connected to load
  • Pin3 (Emitter): Current Drains out through emitter, normally connected to ground

Features & Specifications

The features and specifications of the 2SC5200 transistor include the following.

  • High-power based NPN Transistor
  • It is designed in To-264 Package
  • Large current capacity
  • High fidelity (HiFi) based audio frequency amplifier output.
  • This transistor is very simple to turn on/off
  • This power transistor handles the flow of current once it is in on condition
  • The transistor handles with low-frequency or high-frequency range, so used in an audio amplifier.
  • Once the transistor is on state, then the power drop is less across the transistor.
  • Harmonic distortion is low
  • High transition frequency
  • DC Current Gain of hFE ranges from 55 to 160
  • The transition frequency is 30MHz
  • Continuous collector current or IC is 15A
  • Emitter to base voltage or VBE is 5V
  • Collector to emitter voltage or VCE is 230 V
  • Collector to base voltage or VCB is 230V
  • Transistor polarity is NPN
  • Base current or IB is 1.5A
  • Operating temperature ranges from -55°C to 150°C
  • Power dissipation or PD is 150W

Equivalent 2sc5200 transistor is 2sd1313, 2sc5242, 2sc3320 & FJL4315, replacement of this transistor is MJL3281A, KTC5242, TTC5200 & MJl13002A and complementary 2sc5200 transistor is 2sa1943 and there is no SMD version for this transistor.

How to use 2SC5200 Transistor/Circuit Diagram?

Generally, the audio amplifier is one kind of electronic circuit, used to enhance weak AC or DC signals to a high amplitude range. Amplifiers are used in discrete electronic devices like mono speakers, stereo speakers, audio amplifiers, etc. Here, we are designing an audio amplifier circuit using a 2SC5200 transistor is shown below. The transistor used in this circuit is 2SC5200 which is an NPN power transistor.

Audio Amplifier Circuit using 2SC5200 Transistor
Audio Amplifier Circuit using 2SC5200 Transistor

This audio amplifier circuit can be built with various electronic components like 2SC5200 NPN power transistor, 0.5 Watt & 8 Ohms loudspeaker, 3.5mm DC male or female jack, 10K potentiometer, 1K resistor, 220uF electrolytic capacitor, 12V/DC power supply, battery clips, jumper wires, and breadboard.

The working of audio amplifier circuit with 2SC5200 transistor is; the input provided to this circuit is audio input which is taken from a smartphone or a personal computer.

A 10K potentiometer is used to control the level of input voltage and a 220uF capacitor is used to block the input signal’s DC component by allowing the AC component only. Here, this AC signal works as a control signal toward the base terminal of the transistor.

The amplified output from the collector terminal of the transistor moves toward the negative terminal of a speaker, whereas the positive terminal is connected to a DC power supply with a DC male power jack. To protect this transistor from overheating, you can utilize a heat sink optionally.

This audio amplifier circuit is used in different applications. This circuit is very essential within music recording so it is very important in the modern music industry and also used as an acoustic weapon in the military and used in HVAC radars.

Where to use 2SC5200 Transistor/Applications

The applications of the 2SC5200 transistor include the following.

  • Used in audio frequency amplifier
  • It is used like medium power switches
  • AF or RF circuits
  • Switching loads based on high current upto 15A
  • Used in low slew rate devices
  • Circuits based on push-pull configuration
  • High power-based audio circuits
  • Circuits that operate with high current
  • High fidelity based audio circuits
  • Voltage regulator circuit
  • In medium power-based circuits
  • These power transistors are mainly used in 200W rated Stereo systems which respond from 5Hz to 100 kHz frequencies with 0.75Vrms of sensitivity.
  • These transistors are applicable in audio applications due to their less S/N ratio & low harmonic distortion.

Please refer to this link to know more about 2SC5200 Transistor Datasheet

Thus, 2SC5200 is a high-power NPN transistor that is applicable in AF amplifiers as well as high power-based audio circuits due to high current gain. When this transistor is used continuously with heavy loads, then its performance may reduce significantly due to heat, so a heat sink is used to overcome this problem. This IC includes a specific three-digit printed lot number and it has a line below this number to recognize the label of the product whether the product is or Pb free or compatible with RoHS. Here is a question for you, what are the disadvantages of the 2SC5200 transistor?