Vertical Pump Working and Its Applications

The vertical pump mainly covers different configurations like submersible, double case, wet-pit, solid handling, sump, and slurry. They obey the standards of ISO (International Organization for Standardization), ASME (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) otherwise API (American Petroleum Institute) efficient processes, and guarantee reliability. These types of pumps are available in various sizes, material as well as hydraulic combinations. These combinations are specifically suitable to utilize in different applications like where inflexible consistency & efficiency over an extensive range of flow are inputs. This article discusses an overview of vertical pumps.

What is a Vertical Pump?

The vertical turbine pump is also known as a deep well turbine pump. These are mixed flow, or a vertical axis centrifugal pump which includes stages of rotating impellers & stationary bowls to process the guide vanes. Vertical pumps are utilized wherever the level of water pumping l is under the volute centrifugal pump limits.


These pumps are expensive and are more complicated to fit and refurbish. The designing of pressure head mainly depends on the length of the impeller as well as the speed of its rotation. The pressure head which is designed with single impeller cannot be great. Because an extra l head can be attained by inserting extra stage otherwise bowl assemblies.

Working Principle

The vertical pump working principle is, they usually work with a diesel engine or an AC electric induction motor throughout an exact angle drive. The last part of this pump can be designed with minimum one spinning impeller. This can be connected toward a shaft through the well water into a bowl or a diffuser casing.

The several impellers can be used by different configurations over the similar shaft to make high pressure. This will be required for deep wells at earth level.

These pumps work whenever water flows through the pump at the base throughout a suction bell and the shape of this is like a bell part. After that, it moves into the primary stage impeller to raise the velocity of the water. Then the water flows into the diffuser bowl immediately over the impeller, wherever this high-velocity energy can be changed into high-pressure.


The fluid from the bowl also supplies into the secondary impeller which can be situated instantly on top of the bowl. So this method continues throughout the phases of the pump. Once the water supplies away from the previous diffuser bowl, then it flows during a lengthy vertical column pipe when it flows up from the well-bore in the direction of outside.

The rotating shaft within the column can be supported at 3 or 5-foot intervals through sleeve bushings. These are placed within the column & greased by the water flowing past them. The discharge head of the pump will be located at the surface of this pump that allows the water flow to modify direction, in the direction of the discharge pipe. A vertical high push AC motor is placed on the top of the discharge head.

Vertical Pump Types

The different types of vertical pumps mainly include

  • In-line pumps
  • Barrel pumps
  • Vertical column pumps
  • Submersible pumps
  • Deep well pumps
  • Can Pumps
  • Some more related types of pumps are a vertical turbine, vertical sum, process, and industrial pumps.

Vertical Pump Applications

The verticle pump uses mainly include the following.

  • These pumps are mainly used where the usage of a submersible pump is impossible due to the reasons like the flow of the water is above the pump range; otherwise, the owner chooses a usual motor which is located at the pinnacle of the pump.
  • They also used to offer fire water to industrial plants.
  • These pumps are usually used in wells to supply the water to agricultural otherwise grass irrigation.
  • These pumps can also be used to pump the water from a river, a bored well, and reservoir.

Thus, this is all about the vertical pump, which is vertical. The flow rate of these pumps ranges from 50 gpm-30,000gpm. These pumps are extremely flexible because this pump can be built by one or many stages. The advantages of this pump will make one of the most general types of centrifugal pumps. Here is a question for you, what is the vertical pump advantages/disadvantages?