Wireless Communication Projects for Engineering Students

Wireless communication is defined as sending information from one point to another point or multiple points without using wires. Wireless communication allows long-range communication, whereas in other communications it is impossible to implement using wires. This communication is used in telecommunication industries and it uses some type of energy to transfer information without using wires over short & long distances. These technologies use radio waves using the radio for short and long-distance radio communications. This communication is mainly used in mobile, fixed, and portable devices that include PDAs, radio, cell phones, and the applications of wireless communication projects include garage door openers, GPS, wireless computer mice keyboards, satellite vision, headsets, broadcast television, etc.

Wireless Communication Projects

Wireless communication-based projects mainly involve different types of wireless technologies such as GPS, Bluetooth, FID, Zigbee, and GSM. For a better understanding of these wireless communication technologies, we have discussed it with projects.

Wireless Communication Projects
Wireless Communication Projects

So, let us once look at some of the wireless communication-based project ideas collected especially for engineering students. We hope these project ideas are more helpful to many final year students to complete their B. Tech successfully.

RFID based Ambulance Flashing Light with Beeper

This project is designed to provide a flashing light, which is commonly used in ambulances and emergency vehicles. These flashing lights are located at the top roof of the vehicle to clear the vehicles on the way and also to give an alert to the people to wait and permit it to pass smoothly.

RFID based Ambulance Flashing Light Wireless Communication Project Kit
RFID based Ambulance Flashing Light Wireless Communication Project Kit

The proposed system uses an 8051 family microcontroller to give flashing light at particular time intervals. A 12v lamp is driven by a power MOSFET in the mode of pulse width modulation. The duty cycle of the pulse width modulation has to be changed as per the type of application. In the future, this project can be developed by using the 230V lamp for better visibility.

Bluetooth based Garage Door Opening

The main concept of this project is to design a Bluetooth-based garage door opening system with a unique password by any android application. The owner can connect the Bluetooth device with the android application to the system. The proposed system uses an ATMEGA microcontroller to control the garage door open and close by entering the unique password.

Bluetooth based Garage Door Opening Wireless Communication Project
Bluetooth based Garage Door Opening Wireless Communication Project

When the entered password is right, then the door will be open otherwise it will generate a buzzer sound. Further, this project can be enhanced by using an EEPROM so that the password can be changed by the authorized person.

DTMF based Load Control System

This load control system using dual-tone multi-frequency is used to switch any electrical loads. In various industries, agriculture fields, and in the houses different loads are located in large areas so, controlling loads is a difficult task. To overcome this problem, the proposed system is designed to control the loads remotely by using DTMF technology

A cell phone is connected to a DTMF decoder with this project from its audio o/p outlet for receiving tone instructions. The receiving cell phone codes are changed into digital instructions by using a DTMF Decoder which will recognize the frequency of the key and alter that frequency to its corresponding digital code which is then fed to a microcontroller. According to the instructions sent from the mobile user, the 8051 microcontrollers will send indications through a buffer to activate the particular loads by switching the relays ON/OFF. These relays are triggered by a relay driver IC connected to the microcontroller.

DTMF based Load Control System Project Kit
DTMF based Load Control System Project Kit

In the future, this project can be developed by using a GSM modem, where the different electrical loads can be controlled by sending an SMS. This will remove the necessity of replying to the call for the system to work.

Smart Card Technology-based Security System

The main goal of this project is to design a security system using smart card technology to control a device or to access an area. This smart card technology is used in many organizations to access a secure area by using a valid smart card.

At present, human interference was compulsory to observe all these parameters, but using this project no human interference is required. Because this project uses a valid smart card to operate devices.

Security System based on Smart Card Technology
Security System based on Smart Card Technology

The smart card reader is interfaced with an 8051 family microcontroller. When the data is read from the smart card data on the microcontroller matches, then the message will display on the LCD that the smart card is authorized. A relay is used instantaneously to turn ON a lamp

If an unauthorized card is interleaved in the smart card reader, it displays the message on the LCD display that the card is not authorized and the lamp remains OFF representing that the person is not authorized to entrée the specific area or device. In the future, this project can be developed by adding a GSM modem such that any effort of illegal access is made, then an SMS is sent to the concerned department.

Zigbee based Automatic Meter Reading System

The main concept of this project is to design an automatic energy meter reading system using Zigbee. This meter sends unit-based pulses which are connected to an Optocoupler that calculates the pulses every time, then the led blinks. As per the ingesting, it gives the necessary interrupt signal to a microcontroller.

Zigbee based Automatic Meter Reading System Project Kit
Zigbee based Automatic Meter Reading System Project Kit

The 8051 microcontroller receives the reading from the meter through an Opto-isolator and the reading will be displayed on the LCD which is interfaced with the microcontroller. The energy meter’s reading is sent wirelessly to the user of the personal computer by a serial data transfer via a 2.4 GHz XBee module attached to the microcontroller.

Underwater Optical Wireless Communication Project

Transferring of information wirelessly underwater plays an essential role in different applications like monitoring of pollution, oil control, tactical surveillance, monitoring the change of climate & research in oceanography.

This can be achieved by arranging different devices underwater which has high capacity & bandwidth to transfer the information underwater. This project mainly focuses on understanding the possibility of high data rate optical links undersea because of a variety of propagation occurrences. This occurrence will impact on the system performance.

Wireless Security System Project

This project is used to demonstrate a security system wirelessly. In this project, four motion sensors like PIR (pyroelectric infrared) are arranged on four sides like back, front, right and left side, so that area can be covered.

This project detects the motion of the person from any side & immediately generates an alarm and it displays where the motion of the intruder is detected. The signal transmission can be done wirelessly to the central controller using different sensors.

Accident Identification System

Day by day, the usage of two-wheeler and four-wheeler vehicles is increasing radically. So accident rates are also increased due to over speed, over stress, gadgets usage while driving, mind diverts, drunk & drive. This project implements a detection system for accidents that may occur due to the negligence of the vehicle driver.

To overcome this problem, an alerting system for accidents is implemented to give an alert to the driver of the vehicle. Once the vehicle accident takes place then this proposed system will send the information regarding the accident to the registered phone number. Wireless Camera Position System

This project designs a system for positioning the wireless camera to monitor the audio or video signals through a PC. The development of this system can be done using the RFID system, microcontroller like AT89S52, and circuits for motor driving & PC interfacing.

The implementation of the controlling circuit can be done using hardware & software modules. These modules are used for the camera which moves in a 360-degree angle. So that it provides the highest security.

Wireless over Temperature Alarm Project

This project is used as a warning device. Once the temperature increases a fixed level then this device generates an alarm. Generally, it is used as a warning signal or a door-alert signal. In modern technology, some devices use high temperatures to offer a temperature control device. But, in some situations, control devices will not work properly so at that time alarm device for over temperature is installed.

Wireless Power Transmission Project

The transmission of power can be done wirelessly rather than using copper cables or current-carrying wires. In this project, two coils are used like primary and secondary. The primary coil works like a transmitter whereas the secondary coil works like the receiver.

The load can be operated through the power received from the transmitter. This project is mainly used to charge the batteries of the pacemaker. Please refer to this link to know more about this project: Wireless Power Transmission Circuit and Its Working.

Wireless Hospital Management System

This project is used to implement a monitoring system for the health care of the patient. By using this project, monitoring the physiological parameters of the patients can be done constantly. The parameters of the patient are blood pressure, heart rate, temperature, etc. Please refer to this link to know more Automatic Wireless Health Monitoring System for Patients

Wireless Attendance Recorder Project

The main objective of this project is to design an attendance system with the help of RFID to keep the student’s attendance record. This project is applicable to schools, colleges, and universities. For each student, a specifically authorized tag is allotted. This tag is mainly used for swiping for storing the attendance within the RFID reader. This tag includes an IC to store as well as process the student’s data.

Wireless Traffic Light Controller

This project is used to implement a traffic light control system so that traffic at the junction can be effectively controlled through wireless remote control. This system includes two modes like manual mode and automatic mode. In manual mode, traffic lights can be controlled by a policeman by just pressing the button linked to the route of the lane to make a green light signal.

In another mode, the board of traffic light controller will modify the sequence of light based on the fixed patterns & time delay, so the traffic policeman can modify the pattern at any time through the remote. So in this project, traffic policeman can control the traffic junction and changes the traffic flow conditions dynamically.

The IoT-based wireless communication projects and wireless communication projects using Arduino are discussed below.

Health Monitoring System of Patient using IoT & Arduino

This project is used to design a system for health monitoring of the patient using IoT. Arduino. This project is used to monitor the different parameters of the patient and sent to the cloud with Internet connectivity. The parameters of the patient can be transmitted to a remote area through the internet so that the operator can check these particulars from anyplace in the globe.

IoT based Weather Reporting System

This project is implemented with IoT and Arduino Uno. In this project, Arduino Uno is used to measuring four weather parameters with the help of sensors that are connected to Arduino like light, temperature, rain level & humidity. Here, Arduino Uno is used to calculating & displaying the parameters of weather over an LCD display.

These parameters can be sent using the IoT technique to the internet. So this data transmission process to the Internet can be repeated using WiFi. To check this data, the user has to visit a particular website. This proposed system connects & stores the information on a web server. So the user will get the live weather reporting conditions.

Fault Monitoring System in Industries using IoT

This project is used to monitor the faults that occurred in the industries through IoT like chemical, petroleum, gas, and oil. To overcome this problem, the proposed system is used to keep the industries secured and also to inform the concerned person in the fixed time if any fault occurs. In this project, both the Arduino & IoT play a key role in detecting LPG leakage and fire.

This system uses the Internet of Things to send information to a website. Generally, IoT is the network of ‘things’ where the physical things can replace the data using electronics, sensors, software & connectivity.

Arduino & Bluetooth based Home Automation

At present, the control of home appliances can be done very easily through a remote. This project is used to design a system namely the home automation system using Arduino & Bluetooth. By using this project, the user can control electronic devices using his smartphone so that the spending on time can be reduced. In this project, the main processing unit or main controlling unit is Arduino Uno.

The list of wireless communication projects using MATLAB includes the following.

Simulation of OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) Signaling

The proposed system is used to demonstrate one of the modulation methods for wireless communication like OFDM in multichannel lanes. This project is used to examine some fundamental notions associated with it.

MATLAB based Transmitter Design for UWB (Ultra-Wideband Radio)

For an alternative to wireless communication, UWB is an upcoming communication. There are many companies in the USA that have started developing as well as using the UWB systems. As compared with RF systems, UWB transmits the data with pulses in place of a carrier wave. This project presents a transmitter that is used for UWB radio with several bands.

The implementation of this transmitter can be done on a system level using MATLAB & Simulink. At the component level, the frequency can be generated within the transmitter.

Home Water Heater Control & Saving through MATLAB

Electric water heaters can easily become inefficient due to overheating of water & parasitic heat loss. So, these inefficiencies can be easily solved through monitoring of hot water at home. A smart sensor like AquAdapt can be attached to any existing electric water heater or residential gas.

By frequently monitoring the temperature change in a home water heater, the thermodynamics primary law can be applied to transmit the change in temperature to the quantity of hot water exit from the water heater. Using this data, a plan can be created to reduce the home hot water heating.

The list of IEEE wireless communication projects includes the following.

  • GPS & GSM Based Tracking System for Soldier
  • Identification of Traffic Signal for Blind People
  • Payment System for Toll Fee through Online using GSM
  • Identification of Train using RFID & Crossing System for Railway
  • GSM & GPS based Reporting of Vehicle Accident through Online
  • GSM Network through Monitoring of Industry
  • GSM & GPS based Anti Collision System within Railway
  • GSM based Data Acquisition System
  • Remote Control of Vehicle through Web using GPRS & GSM
  • RFID based Tracking of Luggage
  • GPS based Identification of Accident
  • GSM based Irrigation System
  • Monitoring & Controlling of Home Appliances through GSM
  • Health Monitoring System through GSM
  • Weather Reporting through an SMS
  • Security System through GSM for Identification of Gas Leakage & Controlling of Theft
  • Security System for Border suing GSM
  • GSM based Security System for Multi-Purpose
  • Wireless Notice Board using GSM
  • RF Security System using GSM & Sensors for Banks

The list of wireless communication projects for M.Tech students includes the following.

Here is the list of some more new wireless communication project ideas which may be implemented.

  • Vehicle Tracking System
  • Accident Identification System
  • Wireless Camera Position System
  • Remote Home Security System
  • Wireless Voting Machine
  • Wireless Security System
  • Video Signal Transmitter
  • Audio Signal Transmitter
  • Remote Controlled Dish Antenna
  • Wireless Home Appliances Controller
  • Centralized Monitoring System for Taxies
  • Cryptographic Secure Communication Between Army Stations
  • Wireless Audio Communication System
  • Wireless Traffic Light Controller
  • Wireless Motor Monitoring System
  • Wireless Transformer Monitoring System
  • Remote Industrial Security System
  • Intelligent Wireless Controller for Oil Wells
  • Wireless Attendance Recorder
  • Wireless Process Controller
  • File Sharing Using Bluetooth
  • Simple Radar Communication System
  • Wireless Hospital Management System
  • Wireless Temperature Monitoring on Remote Seven-segment Display using RF
  • Zigbee based Secured Wireless Data Transmission and Reception
  • Wireless Electrical Apparatus Control System with Speed Control of AC motor in a plant using RF communication
  • Wireless DC Motor Speed and Direction Control using RF Communication
  • Bluetooth based Wireless Device Control for Industrial Automation
  • Streetlight Power Cable Monitoring System Based on Wireless Sensor Networks using Zigbee communication.
  • Zigbee based Wireless Electronic Notice Board with Multi-Point Receivers
  • Bluetooth based Robot Control for Metal Detection Applications
  • Wireless Electrical Apparatus Control System using IR communication
  • RF-based tsunami detection and remote alert system with 60dB siren
  • Wireless Electronic Notice Board with Multi-Point Receivers using RF Communication System
  • Wireless DC Motor Speed and Direction Control using IR (PWM and H-Bridge)
  • Wireless Stepper Motor Control using RF Communication
  • Two-way Wireless Data Messaging System for Rural Areas using Zigbee Technology
  • Zigbee based wireless remote weather station monitoring system
  • Wireless Data Encryption and Decryption for Secured Communication using RF
  • Wireless Stepper Motor Control using IR Communication
  • Wireless Ac Motor Speed Control Using TRIAC
  • PC Regimented Defense Android Using Zigbee
  • Wireless AC/DC Device Control for Appliances Using Remote Control

Therefore, this is all about Wireless Communication Projects based ideas 2015 which are used in telecommunications. The most important wireless technologies are WiMax, WiFi, Femtocell, 3G, 4G, and Bluetooth. We hope that you have got a better understanding of this concept. Furthermore, any queries regarding this topic, please give your feedback by commenting in the comment section below. Here is a question for you, what are some more applications of wireless technology?

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