Latest Real Time Projects for Engineering Students

The real time projects include IEEE standard-based components that produce real-time services. For instance, there are different Social Media are available, in that Facebook is one kind of web application in real-time. This application can be made with a highly encrypted algorithm. In the Facebook URL, https stands for “HyperText Transfer Protocol Secure”. The SSL mainly works through encryption protocol which is generated based on the standards of IEEE. The main difference between IEEE and Real time Projects are, IEEE projects are recommended to engineering students due to the standards they maintain in their projects and project skills can be trained accordingly. Real time projects must include huge impact factor and these are very difficult to execute because they have to follow that the execution reaches the IEEE standards. This article discusses the list of real time projects for electrical and electronics engineering students. These real time projects are very helpful for the students in selecting their academic projects.

Real Time Projects for Electronics and Electrical Engineering Students

Real time projects for electronics engineering students are discussed below. These real time projects on electronics are very helpful in doing project work

Real Time Projects
Real Time Projects

Remotely Controlled Android based Electronic Notice Board

Electronic displays are used these days to display relevant information in a public place. It could be scrolling/moving messages or fixed displays in areas like railway stations, banks, public offices, etc. Notice Boards used in the institution/organization or public utility places require sticking of the various notices day-to-day. This project deals with an advanced hi-tech wireless notice board.

This project is implemented to display the information on an LCD using an android based mobile. The Bluetooth hardware circuit interfaced with the microcontroller receives the information from the mobile. The microcontroller is programmed in such a way that as per the signals received from the Bluetooth device it drives the LCD display. This microcontroller can also enable the display to scroll the message, based on the signal from the android based mobile.

SVPWM Space Vector Pulse Width Modulation

space vector pulse width modulation technique (SVPWM) gives the more fundamental voltage and better harmonic performance compared with other PWM schemes. It is the most popular method used to control the AC motor. This project employs six-stage switching points of the power devices in the inverter.

SVPWM is achieved by programming the microcontroller which is duly interfaced to three-phase six pulse inverter with six MOSFETs driven from the DC supply. This DC is derived from a single-phase mains or 3 phase, 50 Hz supply. A three-phase motor is connected to the output of the inverter. Pulse signals from the microcontroller drive the optoisolator. The Gate driver driven by the optoisolator triggers the MOSFET so 3 phase voltage appears across the load.


Long Range FM Transmitter with Audio Modulation

Frequency modulation refers to modulating the frequency of the carrier signal with the signal to be transmitted. It must be less prone to interference with other communicating signals and requires bandwidth which is twice the sum of the modulating signal frequency and the frequency deviation. This project develops a low-cost long-range FM Transmitter with audio modulation.

The FM transmitter has three RF stages as variable frequency Oscillator (VFO), a class C driver stage, and a class C final power amplifier. The audio signal output from the microphone is used to modulate the frequency output of the oscillator. In the output, we have used a stick antenna for short-distance transmission. To check the output of the transmitter, initially, the first preset is adjusted.

The frequency is adjusted to a range where no commercial transmission takes place. Then the FM receiver on the mobile phone is set to the search mode so as to get this signal. Once we give a gentle tap on the microphone, the sound can be heard on the mobile phone in the FM band. In case we want to use the Yagi Uda antenna, the second preset or the trimmer can be adjusted to set the impedance for the distance range selection.

Radiation-Hardened Processor-based Real time System and a GPU-based Framework to Explore Tradeoffs

The processors like radiation-hardened are very slow as compared with COTS (Commercial-Off-The-Shelf) type and also expensive. So, to reduce the costs, software methods must be used like re-executions of the task to offer reliability.

The reliability occurs at the high costs because of high hardening levels & degradation of performance because of the re-executions. Therefore, the tradeoffs should be carefully studied among reliability, costs, and performance. This project is used to implement a novel framework for evaluating tradeoffs efficiently and connect the GPU’s computational power.

This framework mainly depends on a probability analysis of system failure that connects the different tasks to the reliability of the system. Depending on probabilistic analysis & real-time deadlines characteristics, we derive design limits on the space to reduce in possible ways.

An Actuator Fixed by Ionic-Polymer-Metallic Composite in Mobile Devices

This project is used to demonstrate an RF switch which has some features like less weight, huge deformation, driving power is less & capacity of frequency-shifting. Once the experiment is done then the investigation is done on a bridge-style switch.

In this switch, IMPC is used as an actuator so that the copper sheet can be moved in up and down directions. Once the IPMC-bridge is deactivated, then the antenna is considered longer because of the connection of the copper sheet to the antennas. In the simulation results, we can observe that the frequency range can be changed from 1.09 GHz to 2.12 GHz & the return losses can be less than −10 dB at both frequencies.

With the help of a network analysis system, the antenna’s unique operating frequency can be changed from 1.07 GHz to 2.14 GHz once the IPMC is activated. In experimental results, we can notice the change in operating frequency from low to high. The IPMC lifetime within the air can be increased with the help of propylene carbonate electrolyte using LiClO 4. So, the switch like IPMC is the best solution for integrating antenna systems used in mobile devices.

Microcontroller Based Home Automation System with Security

Day by day, the advancement in technology has been increasing, so things are becoming very smart by replacing manual systems with automatic systems. The proposed system implements an automation system using a microcontroller for security purposes.

This system uses information technologies as well as control systems to decrease human interference within the fabrication of goods & services. In industries, automation is used to decrease the manpower. So, it plays a main role within the daily experience and economy of the world. Automatic systems are very useful in conserving the power to some extent. So, these are mostly preferred instead of manual systems.

RFID based Toll Collection System

The term ATCS stands for an Automated Toll Collection System. This system is mainly used to collect the tax automatically using RFID. Every vehicle includes an RFID tag that has a unique recognition number by RTO. So, by using this unique number, the basic information can be stored as well as the amount will be detected automatically in advance for the toll gate collection.

Once the four-wheeler passes near to the toll gate, then the prepaid balance of the user can be deducted to pay the tax amount then the new balance will be automatically updated. If the vehicle doesn’t have sufficient balance then the toll gate will give an alert to the user by generating an alarm. By using this project, vehicles don’t have to wait in a queue, fuel and time can be conserved.

Microprocessor-based Automatic Night Lamp with Alarm

This project is used to design a night lamp using a microprocessor to generate an alarm in the morning. In this project, the microprocessor plays a key role by working as the heart in the system. In this project, the LDR sensor is used where, whose resistance is inversely proportional when the light falls on it.

The main function of LDR is to change the energy of light into electrical & finally this energy can be converted into a digital signal with the help of the IC555 timer. The output of this IC goes low once light falls over the resistor & the output of IC goes high whenever the LDR was a is arranged dark.

Fake Note Detection using Counting Machine of Currency

This project designs a currency counting machine (CCM). This machine works on the principle of the breadth of the currency bundle. This machine includes a roller with rods when the roller turns then these rods will move with a specific speed.

The machine is used for identifying the fake notes while counting by using detectors which are developed specially by considering the details of Indian notes. These machines are used in cash counters of Indian Banks to check the images, different properties of paper like physical & chemical, inks & materials used while designing the currency notes. This machine is very helpful in avoiding the fake notes.

Adjustment Mechanism of Redundant Parallel on Antenna Panel

This project is used to implement a technique for the integrated plan of arrangement & control for deformation. By using this technique, the structure formation can be reduced very much and also strengthens the structure and the controller while exchanging.

So, the structure data could give to the control section of the plan. The improvement of structure can be done using the information feedback that influences the structure’s performance. At last, the experiment of ANSYS simulation specifies that this integration of the structural control technique is useful.

WSNs Connectivity through Directional Antennas

This project is used to examine the WSNs network connectivity using different models of antenna beneath the channel by the path loss effect consideration & the fading effect of shadow. So, the iris model is implemented and it is suitable for any kind of directional antenna because there is no limit on the number of lobes in this model like the main & side.

Particularly, we consider both the connectivity of local & overall networks to estimate the various antenna models’ impacts. The simulations of this project show that the analytical structure can precisely model both the network connectivities.

The outputs of this project will also explain that on average. This iris antenna model provides a better estimation of directional antennas like ULA and UCA as compared with other antenna models, particularly whenever the effect of path loss is not important.

Heart Beat & Wireless Temperature Read-out using Microcontroller

This project implements a wireless transmission system with a sensor platform for patients who have the facility of remote access. The main intension of the wireless sensor platform is to establish a standard sensor node with common software.

This architecture offers simple customization and flexibility for different fundamental parameter sending and collecting. In this project, a prototype is developed using IEEE.802.15.4 based wireless communication channel. The remote operation can be done to view the information about the desired sensor remotely.

Electrospun Fibers Deposition Control

The process of polymer fibers fabrication is known as ES or Electrospinning, which includes diameters that range from 10’s of Nanos to 100’s of microns. These fibers are available in the development of mechanical properties like the sensitivity of sensor increment, tensile strength increment, improvement of filtration, delivery systems for drug, etc.

Electrospun efficiency can be increased by using a feedback control technique in real-time so that the diameter of the fiber can be measured. At present, fiber morphology can be measured using post-processing methods like electron microscopy scanning, electron microscopy transmission. There are different parameters like polymer viscosity, the weight of polymer molecular, distance separation, flow rates, and applied voltages that are used for controlling the morphology of fiber.

These parameters are used through a control mechanism feedback and a MIMO control mechanism. So, a device was designed with the help of laser extinction tomography to calculate the diameters of fiber throughout the deposition. The device like LaD (laser diagnostic device) has been capable of measuring the laser destruction while scanning of fiber depositions by limited repeatability.

Real time projects for electrical engineering students are discussed below. These real time projects on electrical are very helpful in doing project work

Density Based Traffic Signal with Remote Override in Emergency

Now a day’s traffic jam is the biggest problem mainly in the metro cities. Increasing usage of cars, bikes, and other vehicles, on roads, are the primary cause of the traffic jam. This project is designed to develop a density-based operation of the traffic signal lights to avoid unnecessary waiting time at the junction. It also has a remote override facility for emergency vehicles to avail of its way through in any desired way.

In this project, sensors are placed in such a way that IR and photodiodes are in the line of sight configuration across the loads to form as sensors to detect the density of the vehicles on the road by IR light obstruction method. This density sensing is a year marked as low, medium, and high zones. Based on these zones the timing is allotted to the signal lamps and it is achieved by the use of the 8051 microcontrollers.

The override feature is activated by an onboard RF receiver operated from the emergency vehicle handheld transmitter. This override sets the green signal on the desired direction and blocks the other lanes by setting the red signal for a particular duration of time.

Wireless Power Transfer in 3D Space

Wireless power transfer means transmitting the electrical energy without using the wires. Certain areas dealing with explosives or hazardous material, it is advisable to use the wireless power transfer method for their electrical power requirement.

It works on the principle of the high-frequency mutual coupling between the two inductive coils. The fields generated by these coils can be tuned to the resonance frequency to increase the coupling between these coils. The tuned magnetic field generated by the primary coil is arranged in the vicinity of the matched secondary coil within a considerable distance.

The main objective of this project is to develop a system of wireless power transfer in 3D space. It consists of two electromagnetic coils, primary and secondary. The AC supply fed from the supply mains at a fundamental frequency is rectified and again made to AC at a different frequency which is fed to another high-frequency transformer. This output is then fed to a resonating coil acting as the primary of another air-core transformer.

The output from the secondary coil of this air-core transformer is given to a lamp that glows at a considerable distance from the primary coil. The blub continues to glow brightly in the vicinity of the primary coil even with the movement of this secondary coil over a 3D space.

For more details click on Wireless Power Transfer in 3D Space

Ultra-Fast Acting Electronic Circuit Breaker

The use of conventional circuit breakers based on the thermal tripping, mechanism gives a slow response to the overload since these depend upon the time duration of the overload. The concept of electronic circuit breaker overcomes the difficulties by the use of current sensing in contrast to thermal-based circuit breakers.

This project is achieved by comparing the load current with a prefixed rated value. The voltage at the load side sensed by the resistor is rectified to the DC. This DC voltage is compared with the preset voltage which is proportional to the rated current value. Logic signals from this comparator circuit drive the MOSFET and the relay.

Load or lamps are connected to the AC power mains through contacts of the relay and the coil of the relay is excited by this MOSFET. So when the load increases, the lamp gets out of this circuit with this arrangement. Also, a microcontroller receives these signals while the relay is operating and accordingly it displays the information on LCD.

Home Automation WSN using Zigbee

In automation, wireless sensor networks’ demand is increased. So the establishment of the new workplace can be done depending on DEMC which is known as Dept.of Electronics & Multimedia Communications to continue through ZigBee. This project implements a wireless sensor network using Zigbee.

In this project, four microcontrollers are used for examining the requirements of memory & power consumption like x51, Coldfire, ARM & HCS08. After that, the main concept of this project is to check interoperability among different manufacturing platforms. So this interoperability can be confirmed by designing a simple network using ZigBee physical layer & compliant network.

Automatic Irrigation System on Sensing Soil Moisture Content

The automatic irrigation system reduces the effort of the farmers in regular switching of the pumps to pour out the water to the fields by observing the condition of the soil. The sensing of the soil moisture content is based on the closed path of the current flow in the motor circuit. If the soil is wet current starts flows in the motor and while it is dry it offers high impedance to the current flow so the motor stops.

In this circuit, logic signals from the comparator circuit are transferred to the microcontroller. The microcontroller drives the transistor which is used to excite the relay coil and also sends the signals to the LCD display. As the two terminals which are placed in the soil of the earth form a closed path, result in the voltage variation across the comparator.

By receiving this high logic signal from the comparator, the microcontroller biases the transistor. This transistor excites the relay coil which turns the current to pass through the load by closing the contacts of the relay. The information on the soil and pump conditions also displayed on the LCD display by the microcontroller.

For more details click on: Automatic Irrigation System on Sensing Soil Moisture Content

Cyclo Converter using Thyristors

Cyclo converter is an AC-AC converter which changes the frequency from one level to the other. These may be single or three-phase converters based on the load or motor employed. Frequency control to get the variable speed of the induction motor gives a better performance than using only voltage control by the AC regulator circuit.

This circuit is implemented to get speeds at three different frequencies i.e., the fundamental (F), half (F/2), and one third (F/3) frequencies. Dual bridge SCR connected across the induction motor consists of eight SCR’s as two bridges, positive and negative, and these thyristors are driven by the Opto-isolators. The microcontroller receives the input signals from the two slide switches to select the particular step of the speed out of the three steps.

Triggering pulses so generated by the microcontroller as per the program written drives the Optoisolator and further respective SCR to get turned ON based on pulse triggering. Induction motor speed is varied according to the switching of these thyristors by delivering lower frequencies of F/2 and F/3.

For more details click on Cyclo Converter using Thyristors

Minimizing Penalty in Industrial Power Consumption by Engaging APFC Unit

Due to the usage of the heavy motors in the industries, it causes the injection of reactive power which further results in power factor reduction. Low power factor operation makes the industries get penalized by the power companies. By placing the shunt capacitors across the inductive load one can improve the power factor.

This project automatically calculates the power factor and improves it. This project is achieved by calculating the zero positions of the voltage and current waves. Based on the time delay, the microcontroller drives the relay driver. Voltage and current zeros pulses are detected by a comparator circuit. These signals from the comparator are given as input to the microcontroller.

The microcontroller is programmed in such a way that based on the time delay it operates the relay driver so the shunt capacitors are switched across the load. The microcontroller also drives the LCD to display the power factor and time delay.

Home Automation System Design for Power Saving

This project implements an automation system for conserving power. This system can be integrated into homes, businesses, etc. The main intention of this project is to control lights, temperature depending on the user requirements. At present, there are different home automation systems available. These systems are used to control the loads so that electricity can be conserved.

Solar Powered LED Street Light with Intensity Control

As a part of conserving energy by utilization of renewable energy sources like solar requires additional care to save this energy in an efficient manner. Effective manner of saving energy includes the replacement of the high discharge lamps with LED street lights, with use of this, intensity control during the night times gives optimum results.

This project is designed for LED-based street lights with auto intensity control, powered by solar energy. During the day time, solar energy from the photovoltaic cell is charged to the battery by charging control circuit. Under and overvoltage protections to the battery are also included in this circuit. Pulse width modulation is implemented in the microcontroller program so that it drives the MOSFET which is connected to a group of LEDs.

During night time this microcontroller is programmed to vary the power through MOSFET applied to these LEDs in time-based intervals in PWM mode. Thus, the street lights are switched ON at the dusk and then switched OFF at the dawn automatically passing through gradually reduced intensity.

For more details click on: Solar Powered LED Street Light with Intensity Control

Real Time Embedded System Projects

Please refer to this link to know more about Real Time Projects on Embedded Systems 

Thus, this is all about real time projects for electronics and electrical engineering students. These real time projects are gathered from different technologies. How did you like the project ideas? Do you have any new ideas to suggest? Please Speak Your Mind in the comments section below.

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