Solar Powered Led Street Light with Auto Intensity Control Circuit and Working

As we know that, nowadays energy sources are limited and energy consumption has increased, So renewable energy sources are used in order to meet the increase the demand for energy. Keeping this in mind in this article, we are discussing about a solar powered LED street light with auto intensity control. This project is driven by solar energy used to control the light intensity from morning to evening based on the brightness. A case study is also done to demonstrate the advantages of this solar LED street light compared to traditional street light. Because, this solar powered street light can conserve a large amount of electricity compared to the other lights which are a light to their maximum intensity at all times after they are turned on Solar Powered Led Street Light with Auto Intensity Control Circuit and Its Working.

Solar Powered LED Street Light
Solar Powered LED Street Light by Edgefxkits.com

Solar Powered Led Street Light

The solar powered street light work on the principle of solar cells or PV cells to absorb the solar energy in the daytime. The PV cells convert solar energy to the electrical energy. The converted energy is stored in the battery and the  solar street lights use solar energy. Nowadays solar street lights are available beside the roads. At the night time the lamps start automatically and it uses the electrical energy which is stored in the battery. Every day this process continues

Solar Powered Led Street Light
Solar Powered Led Street Light

Light emitting diode comprises of the chemical compound. When the direct current from the battery passes through the light, then it gives the light. Solar LEDs are available in different shapes, styles and sizes. Generally, the life span of light emitting diode is very high and it requires very little current.

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Working of a Solar Powered Led Street Light with Auto Intensity Control Circuit and Its Working

The solar powered led street lights activate from dusk to dawn. The LED street light automatically turns ON after the dusk and turns OFF after the dawn. The designing of the entire system includes: Solar panels, LED light, Rechargeable battery, Controller, Pole and Interconnecting cables.

Solar Powered LED Street Light with Auto Intensity Control Circuit Diagram
Solar Powered LED Street Light with Auto Intensity Control Circuit Diagram

Solar Panels

The solar panel or PV cell in the solar street light is one of the most essential parts. These cells are available in two types: mono crystalline and poly crystalline. The mono crystalline conversion rate is higher than the poly crystalline. The light energy used by the solar panels from the sun is used to change solar energy into electricity, which can be used in various applications.

Electrical connections of this project are made in series to achieve an o/p voltage and to afford a current facility connections are made in parallel. The majority of the modules uses silicon (Si) but most of the solar panels are fixed.

Light Emitting Diode

LEDs are used in modern street lights to provide brighter light with low energy consumption. The energy consumption of LED fixture is lesser than the high pressure sodium fixture, which is commonly used in traditional street lights. Compare to the other lamps, LED lights do not produce light in all directions. The design of lamps can be effected by the uniqueness of the LEDs. The single LED o/p is not equal to the incandescent and fluorescent lamps. But, a bunch of LEDs will give bright light than these two lamps. The advantages of LEDs mainly include Eco friendly, durable, zero UV emissions and long life.

Rechargeable Battery

Rechargeable battery is a one kind of electrical battery and it has electro mechanical reactions to adjust so it is also called as secondary cell. Generally, there are two kinds of batteries, namely gel cell deep cycle and lead acid battery. A rechargeable battery is used in solar LED street lights, this battery is used to store electricity generated from the solar panel during the sunrise to afford energy in the sunset. The lifetime and capacity of the rechargeable battery are essential as they affect the backup power days of the lights.

Controller

A controller is a very significant device in solar street light, used to decide the status of the charging and lighting by switch on or switch off. Some recent controllers are pre programmed and it consists of a battery charger, a Led lamp driver, a driver, a secondary power supply, an MCU and a protection circuit. The battery can be controlled by the controller from the under and over charging conditions. The battery can be charged by the power received from the solar panels in the sunrise and while in the sunset it charges the battery.

Pole

A strong pole is mandatory for each and every street light and also for a solar street light. There are various components such as panels, batteries and fixtures fixed on the top of the pole. In this light, the i/p operating voltage is 12V DC which is a nominal system voltage, and the light o/p at the height of 12 feet is a minimum of 09 LUX (unit of luminance).

Interconnecting Cables

The cable is used to interconnect the LED, solar panel and battery box which is fixed on the top of the pole. This cable is used to connect a Photovoltaic module to the controller, controller to the lamps and battery. The size and length of the cable depend on the current being carried to the LED lights and the height of the pole. The assembling of the entire solar LED street light system can be connected using all the above components which use sun energy to give the power to the LED lamps fixed on street poles.

Solar Powered Led Street Light with Auto Intensity Control Project Kit by Edgefxkits.com
Solar Powered Led Street Light with Auto Intensity Control Project Kit by Edgefxkits.com

Thus, this is all about Solar Powered Led Street Light with Auto Intensity Control. We hope that you have got a better understanding of this concept. Furthermore, any queries regarding this concept or electrical and electronic projects, please give your feedback in the comment section below. Here is a question for you, what is the function of a solar panel?

12 Comments

  1. Investigator in Oakville says:

    I enjoyed visiting your webiste. I rarely leave comments, but
    you definately deserve a thumbs up!

  2. folujobi lsrael Ademola says:

    I really appreciate good work your company are doing,well down.

    1. Tarun Agarwal says:

      Hi folujobi lsrael Ademola
      I sincerely appreciate your kind response regarding my article
      And once again please visit our domestic website https://www.edgefxkits.com/
      For more details please contact to Mr. Sathish on +91 8885507011 or you can email us on info@edgefxkits.in

  3. I have rapid implementation (estimated completion not later than June 2017) Solar powered Street light w/ auto sensing switch. initial req’t 100 sets, please quote complete set with monopole (8-10 meter ht), please specify all technical specification, delivery lead time (FOB PNG)…

    thanks

    1. Tarun Agarwal says:

      Hi Aruel
      Please send the specifications to our company email id info@edgefxkits.in, so that our technical team can guide you.
      And please visit our website once https://www.edgefxkits.com/

      For furthermore details please contact to Mr. Satish on +91 8885507011

  4. what will be the cost of this project? is this method not used in modern street lights?

    1. Tarun Agarwal says:

      Hi Veena,
      Please visit our Website once: https://www.edgefxkits.com/
      And ,let we know the title of your project? Because there are so many projects based on Street light.
      For more details please contact Mr.Tarun Agarwal on +91-9908208883 for more details.

  5. what will be the cost of this project?

    1. Tarun Agarwal says:

      Hi Veena,
      Please visit our Website once: https://www.edgefxkits.com/
      And ,let we know the title of your project? Because there are so many projects based on Street light.
      For more details please contact Mr.Tarun Agarwal on +91-9908208883 for more details.

    1. Tarun Agarwal says:

      Hi Dadapeer,
      Thanks for your Appreciation.
      For further assistance please contact Mr.Tarun Agarwal on +91-9908208883.

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