Infographics : Good Soldering Process for Building Electronic Projects

Many of us believe that learning by doing or using gives better results than just simply reading. We always want to have practical abilities and skills so that we can empower ourselves. Since various electronic components are assembled on printed circuit boards and other electronic devices by the soldering process, it is necessary to learn a good soldering process for the students and hobbyists who are interested or keen on working with electronic circuits.

Soldering is a common practice in electronics engineering and is the process of joining two or more pieces of metals together with a filler metal. Electronic components are soldered either in soft or hard soldering forms relatively at 450-degree centigrade. It is very essential to follow certain procedures, especially in soldering; otherwise, it leads to component damage or even to personnel harm.

Thus, we have listed some useful soldering tips and tricks for learning good ways of soldering components. This adequate way of handling the soldering process in a stable and approachable manner finally produces a neat and reliable PCB or circuit. Of course, we do not intend to give the overall concept of soldering, but an illustrated clear-cut information with effective images.

This type of infographic will certainly give very basic information to the beginners for developing their electronic circuits and also for repairing any electronic or electrical devices. Perhaps, you may be a master in soldering or an electronic circuit developer or have strong expertise in the soldering process. Therefore, do share your additional tips & important information on soldering, in addition to the given points, so that readers would get some additional information on this.

10 Ways to Learn Good Soldering Process for Designing Electronic Circuits

What is Soldering?

A procedure in which two or more metal products are fixed as one by liquefying and running a space-filler metal (solder) in the joint is known as Soldering. Soldering is applied in electronics, plumbing, and meta-work from flashing to ornaments.

Select the Soldering Tools

  • Choose Soldering Iron or Gun; its wattage and capacity.
  • Choose the corresponding Tip of the iron.
  • Choose Solder Material.
  • Select the alloy or filling material.
  • Take Wire cutters or side cutters and Nose pliers.
  • Select Solder Flux to clean the PCB pads and components.
  • Take a Damp sponge to clean the soldering iron tip.

Start the Soldering Process

  • Consider First: Decide the soldering iron tip and its temperature and ensure that the PCB and all the components should be clean.
  • Heat up the Iron: Plugin the soldering iron to the power supply and wait for the tip to heat up for around 2-3 minutes. Always use a soldering-iron stand for the iron rod.
  • Insert the component into the PCB: Insert the component to be soldered into the holes of the PCB by bending its leads and holding it tight.

Apply the Solder

Place the soldering iron tip component contact and feed solder wire into the contact so that the component lead and the copper foil of the PCB get in contact. Do not apply the solder to the tip of the soldering iron. Hold the tip until solder fills evenly at that joint.

Do Not Solder for a Long Time

Never solder a single pin for a long time. Components get overheated and may get burnt as well.

Do not Hurry to Solder on the Other End

Maintain a gap or time interval to solder the other end of the component if one end completes avoiding the excess heat as the heat on it is more.

Solder the Components in an Order

Solder the minute parts (jumper leads, resistors, diodes, etc.) first and sensitive parts (MOSFETs, CMOS, ICs, etc.) later, at the end.

Keep the Solder Iron Tip Neat

After soldering, clean the tip on the sponge by using flux thoroughly.

Double-check Joints and Re-solder Properly

Do not apply much pressure on the joint while checking it, and also remove the old solder on the joint and re-solder it.

Remove the Component Leads

Cut the extra leads of the component on the PCB by using a nose plier once it is soldered.

12 Ways to Learn Good Soldering Process for Building Electronic Projects

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