Infographics: Different Types of Bridge Circuits and Circuit Diagrams

A bridge circuit is one kind of electrical circuit wherein the two branches of the circuit are linked to a third branch –which is connected in between the first two branches at some middle point along them. The bridge circuit was mainly designed for measurement purpose in the laboratory. And, one of the middle linking points is adjusted when it is used for a specific purpose. These circuits are used in linear, nonlinear, power conversion, instrumentation, filtering, etc.

The best known bridge circuit is the Wheatstone bridge; the term was invented by “Samuel Hunter Christie” and popularized by “Charles Wheatstone”. A bridge circuit is mainly used to measure resistance. This circuit is built with four resistors: R1, R2, R3 and RX; wherein the two resistors are with known values R1 & R3, one resistor’s resistance is to be concluded Rx, and one which is changeable and adjusted R2. Two opposite vertices are associated with a supply of electric current like a battery, and a galvanometer is connected across the additional two vertices. The variable resistor is familiarized until the galvanometer reads zero.

It is known that the relation between the variable resistor and its neighbor resistor R1 is equivalent to the relation between the unknown resistor and its neighbor R3, which permits the unknown value of the resistor to be calculated. The Wheatstone bridge circuit has also been widespread to calculate impedance in AC circuits, and also to calculate inductance, resistance, capacitance, and dissipation factor individually.

Different arrangements are identified as Wien bridge, Heaviside and Maxwell bridge. All the circuits are based on a similar concept, which is to contrast the o/p of two potentiometers sharing a frequent source.

Different Types of Bridge Circuit and Their Circuit Diagrams

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