Know about the Working of Fire Fighting Robot Project

With the development in the field of robotics, human intrusion has become less and robots are being widely used for safety purpose. In our day-to-day life, fire accidents have become common and sometimes may lead to hazards that make it hard for the firemen to protect human life. In such cases, a fire fighting robot is used to guard human lives, wealth, and surroundings from the fire accidents. This fire fighting robot project is an advanced project for engineering students, who are interested in robotics. This project project incorporates RF technology for remote operation and also uses 8051 microcontroller. A fire fighting robot is capable of detecting fire if a house catches fire while someone in the house is either sleeping or not present in the house. By means of this fire fighting robot, people and properties can be saved from fire accidents.

Fire Fighting Robot
Fire Fighting Robot

Working of Fire Fighting Robot Project

There are several possibilities of fire in any remote area or in an industry. For instance, in garments godowns, cotton mills, and fuel storage tanks, electric leakages may result in immense fire & harm. In the worst of cases & scenarios, fire causes heavy losses both financially and by taking lives. Robotics is the best possible way to guard human lives, wealth and surroundings. A Firefighting robot is designed and built with an embedded system. It is capable of navigating alone on a modeled floor while actively scanning the flames of fire. The robot could be used as a path guide in a fireplace device or, in normal case, as an emergency device. This robot is designed in such a way that it searches a fire, & douses it before the fire could spread out of range & control.

This type of firefighting robot will sooner or later work with firefighters, thus greatly reducing the danger of injury to victims. Apart from this, this Firefighting robotic project will also help generate interest along with the innovations in the field of robotics while operating towards a sensible and obtainable solution to save lives and mitigate the danger to property.

Fire Fighting Robot Remotely Operated by Android Applications

The main intention of this project is to design a fire fighting robot using Android application for remote operation. The firefighting robot has a water tanker to pump water and spray it on fire; it is controlled through wireless communication. For the desired operation, 8051 microcontroller is used.

In the proposed system, an android application is used to send commands from the transmitter end to the receiver receiver end for controlling the movement of the robot in forward, backward, right or left directions. At the receiver side, two motors are interfaced to the 8051 microcontroller wherein two of them are used for the movement of the vehicle and the remaining one to place the arm of the robot.

Fire Fighting Robot Remotely Operated by Android Project kit by
Fire Fighting Robot Remotely Operated by Android Project kit by

Remote operation is done by android OS based Smartphone or tablet. The Android device transmitter acts as a remote control with the advantage of being having adequate range, while the receiver has a Bluetooth device fed to the microcontroller to drive  DC motors through the motor driver IC for particular operation. Further, this project is developed by interfacing it with a wireless camera so that the person controlling it can view the operation of the robot remotely on a display.

RF based Fire Fighting Robotic Vehicle

The main goal of this project is to design a firefighting robot by using RF technology for remote operation. This robot is loaded with a water tanker and a pump controlled through wireless communication to sprinkle water. For the desired operation, an 8051 microcontroller is used.

At the transmitter end, push buttons are used to send commands to the receiver end to control the robotic movement, either in forward, backward, right or left direction. The RF transmitter acts as an RF remote control that has the benefit of adequate range up to 200 meters with apposite antenna, while the decoder decode before feeding it to another microcontroller to drive DC motors via motor driver IC for necessary work.

RF Based Fire Fighting Robotic Vehicle Project Kit by
RF Based Fire Fighting Robotic Vehicle Project Kit by

A water tank with pump is placed on the robot body and its operation is carried out from the microcontroller o/p through the proper signal from the transmitting end. The entire operation is controlled by a microcontroller. A motor driver IC is interfaced to the microcontroller through which the controller drives the motors.
In future, this project can be developed by interfacing it with a wireless camera so that the person can view the controlling operation of the robot remotely on a display.

GSM based Fire Fighting Robot

GSM modems have developed public utility products for mass communication. This GSM based firefighting robot is used to prevent fire in houses, offices and shops. This robot moves in suffocated fire area in our house, offices, shopping malls, etc. This robot is capable of sensing fire using through IR sensors and then putting it off even in the absence of anyone. It then immediately sends the message to a concern person.

GSM based Fire Fighting Robot
GSM based Fire Fighting Robot

This project is made efficient by incorporating SIMs so that an SMS can be sent to a number of devices and boards in the locality by using techniques of time division multiple access. These robots can be used at different areas like factories, houses, office, etc. By using this GSM based firefighting robot, it is possible to control everything automatically through embedded systems. The use of embedded system in communication has given rise to many interesting applications that ensure safety and comfort.

This is all about a firefighting robot that uses a microcontroller, GSM, RF and Android. We believe that you might have got a better understanding of this fire fighting robotic project. Furthermore, for any queries regarding this concept,, robotics projects for engineering students or electronics projects, please give your feedback by commenting in the comment section below.

Photo Credits:

  • Fire Fighting Robot by hacknmod
  • GSM based Fire Fighting Robot by imimg


  1. Krishnaveni says:

    Sir,we are going do this project .our idea is fire extinguisher with camera feedback.
    But we students didn’t know how to build this.
    If you have any idea in different fire extinguishers please suggest us.
    Thank you.

  2. Dipti kathayat says:

    Sir can u please
    tell me from the above following list which type of robot is used directly means when no body is at home and suddenly fire catches the robot should get automatically on and after the work done it should be automatically off means there should be no use of remote , android app or any wireless communication.. Is there any direct sensor for this please tell me

  3. kunal shambharkar says:

    Sir how we will come to know that how to join parts when we buy the fire fighting robot online

    1. Tarun Agarwal says:

      Hi kunal shambharkar
      For any assistance or customization of projects please email us on

  4. kunal shambharkar says:

    Sir the parts we get in buying online for own making is completely manufactured or what and if not then how we will able to connect it ???

    1. Tarun Agarwal says:

      Hi kunal shambharkar
      For any assistance or customization of projects please email us on

  5. can any one send me a report of wireless fire fighting robot.

  6. can I get the report of GSM based fire fighting Robot?

  7. it is useful for diploma electrical students

    1. Tarun Agarwal says:

      Hi Vignesh, Thank you for your appreciation.
      For any assistance or for customization of projects please email us on

  8. syaidatul says:

    I’m planning to do firefighting robot controlled via bluetooth for android or wifi. Can you help me to find some websites for detail to do the project. Please contact me via my email. Please help me because my course head of department are high demanded people. Ty

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