Innovative Electrical Projects for Engineering Students by Professional Experts

Electrical and Electronics Engineering involves designing, controlling and maintaining the electrical equipments. Some of the project areas of electrical field are power generation, power system equipment maintenance and handling, industrial control and robotics, power electronics and energy systems. Therefore, this article gives a brief explanation of top 10 innovative electrical projects for engineering students.

Top 10 Electrical Projects for Engineering Students

1. GSM based Substation Monitoring and Control System

This project aims to acquire various substation parameters like current, voltage, temperature, power factor, etc., remotely via GSM communication. Thus, the remote operator can analyze these parameter values and take corresponding control action. A user can remotely operate the substation equipments like circuit breakers, isolators, relays, buzzer alarms, and so on.

GSM based Substation Monitoring and Control System
GSM based Substation Monitoring and Control System

Various blocks of this circuit operation are shown above wherein a microcontroller accepts the inputs and correspondingly controls the outputs. The controller periodically sends the input parameters to a remote GSM mobile through the GSM networks. Similarly, this allows the control signals that are sent from the operators to control the substation equipment.

2. Zigbee Based Solar Powered Forest Fire Detection and Control System

The idea of implementing this project is to detect and prevent the forest fire remotely by using a Zigbee communication. The entire transmitter circuit is located in forest with different sensors like smoke and fire detectors, which are powered with solar-panel system. The embedded circuitry in the transmitter circuit collects processes the data and sends the data to a remote PC through the Zigbee communication module.

On the receiver side a Zigbee-transceiver-based PC receives these signals and correspondingly alerts the fire engines and also actuates the fire protecting equipment in the forest remotely.

3. Android Based Electrical Appliance Control

This is an advanced way of controlling home appliance from a conventional manual switch pressing system. It uses an Android mobile with a user graphical interface application in it. The control circuit is attached to a number of devices to be controlled through a relay mechanism with a Bluetooth communication module.

Android Based Electrical Appliance Control
Android Based Electrical Appliance Control

First, this Android mobile has to pair with the receiver side Bluetooth modem; once it is paired with the modem ,user can send control signals to corresponding appliance to control it. At the receiver side, microcontroller manages the all the actuators for different loads depending on the control signals from the user.

4. Photovoltaic Solar Power Generation with Maximum Power Point Tracking

This system considerably minimizes the number of panels required to generate the electric power so that it reduces the photovoltaic array system cost. As the sun is not constant at one place, and by fixing the solar array at one fixed place, maximum power generation is not possible. Therefore, this system locates the maximum-power-generating point with the MPPT controller.

Photovoltaic Solar Power Generation
Photovoltaic Solar Power Generation

This system uses a quadratic equation-based algorithm that calculates the quadratic function corresponding to the maximum power point. Program-based software executes algorithm and correspondingly controls the DC converter to adjust the output voltage.

5. PLC and SCADA Based Traffic Control System

This smart traffic control system uses Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC’s) and SCADA HMI for monitoring and controlling of traffic signals. This system is quite useful in high-traffic-density areas, toll gates and other high-end-parking areas.

This is a centralized control of traffic system where it collects the several places traffic conditions remotely through communication medium and this information is monitored using SCDA HMI. Therefore, synchronizing the traffic at different junction roads is possible with this system. And, also depending on the traffic density at different junctions, it controls the traffic light through remote operation.

6. Minimizing Penalty by Engaging APFC Unit for Industries

This project improves the power factor by a set of capacitors connected in parallel with the inductive load. Due to the lagging load in industries, power factor becomes abruptly low and results in bearing penalty imposed by the electric-utility companies. So this proposed system improves the power factor by switching the capacitors based on the value of power factor.

Minimizing Penalty by Engaging APFC Unit for Industries
Minimizing Penalty by Engaging APFC Unit for Industries

This circuit is implemented with Zero Voltage Switching (ZVS) and Zero Current Switching (ZCS) sub-circuits. Thus the obtained voltage and current zero positions of these circuits are used for calculating the time difference between them, and correspondingly the power factor is calculated. Thus, depending on the value of the power factor, the capacitors are connected across the load.

7. Closed Loop Control of Brushless DC Motor

The purpose of implementing this circuit is to run  mechanical loads at desired speeds by designing a closed-loop system for brushless DC motor. Closed loop operation uses a feedback system to compare the actual speed with the desired one.

Closed Loop Control of Brushless DC Motor
Closed Loop Control of Brushless DC Motor

It allows a user to enter the desired speed from a matrix keypad. A control circuit receives this information, compares the actual speed sensed by the speed sensor and correspondingly sends the PWM signals to the motor.

8. Automatic Room Light Controller using IR Sensors

This project employs a mechanism with which room lights switch on when a person enters the room and switch off as the person leaves the room. In addition, it also displays the number of persons entering or leaving by means of LCD. With this automatic operation, the electrical energy can be saved.

Automatic Room Light Controller
Automatic Room Light Controller

In this system, two sets of IR LED and IR sensors are connected to the microcontroller to detect the persons exiting and entering the room. The microcontroller is programmed in such a way that by receiving the signals entering from the IR sensor, it turns the lamp with a relay mechanism and also increments the counter. Similarly, for the exit sensor signal, it turns off the lamp and decrements the count which is also displayed in the display.

9. Home Automation System Using Arduino Microcontroller

Home automation system is a centralized control of HVAC (heating, ventilation and air conditioning) and lighting appliances. This system uses Arduino development board with attached Bluetooth communication for remote controlling of home appliances.

Home Automation System Using Arduino Microcontroller
Home Automation System Using Arduino Microcontroller

At the transmitter end, a graphical user interface application allows the user to send on/off commands to the receiver where the loads are connected. An Arduino board operates loads through Opto-isolators cum TRAIC arrangements by receiving commands from the user cell phone.

10.Electronic Soft Start for a 3-Phase Induction Motor

This project is designed to reduce the starting current of a three-phase induction motor, thereby providing smooth start. There are several conventional methods used for starting the induction motor. But, all these are more costly and have some loopholes as well, so this solid state method control provides an efficient starting control.

 Electronic Soft Start for a 3-Phase Induction Motor
Electronic Soft Start for a 3-Phase Induction Motor

This uses six silicon-controlled rectifiers connected in twos across the three-phase induction motor (here a set of lamps are used to represent the coils of the three-phase induction motor). Thus, the control unit sends triggering signals to Thyristors at the start of the induction motor.

These are the top 10 innovative ideas in electrical engineering compare to different application areas. If you want any technical help to implement these ideas in a practical approach or some more new project ideas in electrical engineering, you can leave us a comment in the comment section below.

76 Comments

  1. ahmed abdalla says:

    Hi sir first of all spcial thankn to you so i need some ideas realted by power communication paese cantect me this kaarshe42@gmail.com

  2. PRADEEP C V says:

    Sir good afternoon, first of all my special thanks to you…Sir . To give such a opportunity to getting sum idea’s by reading ur projects information… . & I planned for good projects about agriculture based by using electrical and electronic…. Plzzzz give sum information about that… . My email id pradeepcv43@gmail.com

    1. Hi PRADEEP
      I sincerely appreciate your kind response regarding my article
      As per your requirement, I can suggest you that please go through our website link you can get exact information http://www.edgefxkits.com/catalogsearch/result/?cat=&q=agricultural+based

      please visit our domestic website http://www.edgefxkits.com/ and international website http://www.efxkits.com/
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  3. prashant vaishnav says:

    sir i want to make a minor project so please give me ideas for electrical engineer

  4. B.Nivedhitha says:

    Sir I want idea about my final year EEE project ,it will based on home automation control with Android

  5. sanaul abedin says:

    Sir,I wanna do my final year project as i am from EEE department.i want some ideas of automation related project regarding power system or maintenance…….or can u give some idea about dashing automation project?

  6. Deep Patel says:

    Can you suggest any project regarding smart city based on electrical engineering (for 3rd year ) with less cost .

  7. Sir I want best project in less cost and best one in electrical project

  8. I want to do project based on electrical system for BE .can you suggest me some latest topics?

    1. Hi Madhu
      I sincerely appreciate your kind response regarding my article
      As per your requirement, I can suggest you that please go through our website link you can get exact information
      http://www.edgefxkits.com/electrical-projects
      http://www.edgefxkits.com/power-systems-projects
      http://www.edgefxkits.com/core-electrical-projects

      And once again please visit our domestic website http://www.edgefxkits.com/
      For more details please contact to Mr. Sathish on +91 8885507011 or you can email us on info@edgefxkits.in

  9. Farooq Qureshi says:

    Hello Sir, i need some ideas related to Generation of Electrical Power from renewable energy. Waiting for your reply.

  10. Mohamad Fauwaz says:

    Hi sir. Im a Facilities Maintenance Engineering. Do you have any idea for final year project for me? Thank you.

  11. Hi, pls i need your help base on my project topic; Wireless Electronic Notice Board, but I want to incorporate both SMS and Voice, can I achieve that sir.

  12. Tell me sir
    Main Project details
    1.fuzzy based control
    2.solar power
    3.power electronics and machines

  13. Sir am doing main project
    I want a project details
    1.It consists of converter and motor
    Remaining equipment
    2.based on solar power topic
    3.fuzzy based control
    Please tell me sir
    Details of above mentioned that

      1. HI and greetings,sir,i am doing my proposal for my fyp(final year project) in process instrumentation and control,so can you suggest me few projects that i can propose to my supervisor????

  14. Kavinkumar says:

    I Need some ideas related to EEE under the area of application of agriculture apart from the irrigation system topic.

  15. hi… send a ideas from eee projects…..

  16. venkatesh says:

    Hai sir i want to do project on power systems…
    Please provide me the details…

  17. hi sir.
    iam EEE final year student give me some project work details

  18. mounika devi says:

    sir I m a eee student. I want to do a project based on power electronics and that should not familiar with more people. please suggest me some projects.Thanking you sir .

  19. Hey i am abhishek i am study in electrical and electronics final year i wnat new project ideas

  20. I have tried to call the toll free number you have provided on your website, i am from Canada. I was wondering if you ship to Canada and how fast it will be, i need to have a project finished by the end of December 2016. I am trying to buy the Remote Alignment Of 3D Dish Positioning By Android Application.

  21. Hello sir, I’m a final year instrumentation and control engg student. Can you please suggest my branch related project for final year?

  22. sathishkumar says:

    Please give me an idea for smart metering with power theft detection project

  23. I want to do ( Photovoltaic Solar Power Generation with Maximum Power Point Tracking) for my final year project. can I get an idea or help on implement it

  24. pranshur patel says:

    hi… i have same topic of DE project for 6th year topic is electric wheel chair. so you have some points for that so plz reply me.

  25. I Want to make power system related best projects,plis suggest….

  26. kaarmuhilan.A says:

    i need abstract for android based electrical appliances control

  27. Varun dave says:

    Sir i want a project which is feasible and related to military application . It should be useful for defence works and should be based on electrical engineering

  28. Hai sir I need hybrid power generation using solar and wind

    1. Hi Praveen,
      We regret that,
      We cannot provide you with exactly the project you are looking for.,
      We are very much sorry for the inconvenience caused to you. Kindly bear with us.
      Meanwhile,
      We suggest you to please visit our website once for more information on other projects: http://www.edgefxkits.com/
      For more details please contact Mr.Tarun Aggarwal on +91-9908208883.

  29. P.A.MANIGANDAN says:

    the project Automatic room-light-controller-visitor-counter is successfully gives output r not

  30. I need some innovative project in power electronic in recent trends

  31. s.vinitha says:

    hello sir.. i’m vinitha i’m a biomedical engineering final year student. i want some project topic related to biomedical application. please help me

  32. I want to done a project based on electrical, suggest some topics and it should not be a mini project.

  33. please provide me some seminar topics for power electronics related to solar with detailed report

    1. Hi Sarath,

      Click the links below for help:
      http://www.edgefxkits.com/solar-power-charge-controller
      http://www.edgefxkits.com/solar-powered-led-street-light-with-auto-intensity-control
      http://www.edgefxkits.com/solar-powered-auto-irrigation-system
      http://www.edgefxkits.com/sun-tracking-solar-panel
      Please check the user friendly website http://www.edgefxkits.com for complete details in the kit content section and go through the FAQ for details.

      Raji (Mobile: +91 9959178000)

  34. i want know for dc motor control and monitoring by gsm modem with password protection.

  35. Abhishek kumar verma says:

    i want to make a wireless control vehicle system

    1. Hi Abhishek,

      Click the links below for your requirement:
      http://www.edgefxkits.com/pick-n-place-with-soft-catching-gripper
      http://www.edgefxkits.com/fire-fighting-robotic-vehicle
      http://www.edgefxkits.com/pick-n-place-robotic-arm-and-movement-controlled-by-android-wirelessly
      http://www.edgefxkits.com/fire-fighting-robot-remotely-operated-by-android-applications
      http://www.edgefxkits.com/war-field-spying-robot-with-night-vision-wireless-camera-by-android-applications
      You can download project abstract and seminar presentation also from the links. Please check the user friendly website http://www.edgefxkits.com for complete details in the kit content section and go through the FAQ for details.

      Raji (Mobile: +91 9959178000)

  36. Softstart for 3phase induction motor is good

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