Latest Microcontroller based Robotics Projects for Engineering Students

The term Robot was first introduced by a Czech playwright Karel Capek in the year 1920. The word robot is also used to describe an intelligent mechanical device. Robotics is one of the branches of technology and deals with designing, creation, operations, and applications of robots. The robotics word was derived from the word robot. There are mainly four types of robots available in the market today: serial type, mobile type, parallel type, and walking type. The elements of robots are manipulators, end effectors, grippers, power supply, and controllers. This article list outs microcontroller based robotics projects for engineering students.

What is a Robot?

When we think of a robot, the first thing that comes to our mind is that it is a machine that imitates a human. But in real terms, there is no standard definition for a robot. However, there are some fundamental characteristics that a robot must have – for instance: sensing, movement, energy, and intelligence. Some robots can do work by themselves and perform certain tasks, whereas other robots need intervention and help from human beings. Robots are used in many applications like medial, space communication, and military applications.

The expenditure on machine tools has been growing by leaps and bounds in electronic and automobile sectors. According to industry research, India has spent nearly thousands of crores on machine tools. To carry forward the demand of the cost-effective robotic systems, Bangalore based robots are active and a firm released two of its cost-effective robotics: Artrimus and G4. Artimus is a cost-effective robotic arm, and G4 is a high-speed Gantry Robot.

Robotics projects using microcontroller
Robotics projects using microcontroller

What is Industrial Robots?

Industrial robots as defined by the International organization (ISO) for standardization are repeatedly controlled, reprogrammable and multiuse manipulators, and programmable in many axes. These robots are designed to move parts, materials, and tools and to perform a variety of tasks in manufacturing and production.

The modern industrial robots are true sensations of engineering. These robots can carry a load of around a hundred pounds and move it very quickly with repeatability. These robots are programmable in many applications and are used in auto industries for assembly, arc welding, and material handling applications.

Industrial Robots
Industrial Robots

Microcontroller based Robotics Projects for Engineering Students

The following list provides cost-effective microcontroller based robotics projects, which is helpful for students. So, microcontroller based robotics projects for engineering students include the following.


Telepresence Robot Virtual

This project is used to design a telepresence robot. In this robot, a camera is arranged within a remote area to capture the surroundings in visual type with the help of Raspberry Pi. These visuals are shown on the virtual reality of the user’s headset.

An additional feature permits the camera to go in the way of the head movements of the user to give an immediate experience to the user because if he is there wherever the robot of a virtual telepresence robot is placed. This kind of robot also goes in any way using an app installed within the Smartphone of the user.

Soccer Robot

This project is used to design a soccer robot. This robot can move in different directions like forward, right, reverse, and left using an android application. The robot speed movement can be controlled through the rotation angle of the phone. Once the smartphone is shaken then this robot will kick a ball.

Robot for Metal Detection

This project implements a robot using a microcontroller which is used for detecting metals in the lane in front of it. This kind of robot is very helpful in detecting land mines as well as metals within the ground. This project uses RF technology to control the robot.

Robot for Human Detection

There is different human detection robots are available based on the application. But during earthquakes, for a rescue team, it is very difficult to detect the humans under the constructions as it takes a lot of time. To overcome this problem in those situations, the human detection robot is implemented to detect the human’s inappropriate time using a human detection sensor. This human detection robot can be operated manually through RF technology using a PC

Haptic Forefinger Controlled through MEMS Sensors

Haptic touch is used to feel the world by holding tools. This project implements a robot detected by forefinger used for handicapped people so that they can follow the forefinger direction.

The robot path may be continuous otherwise point to point. The sensor used in this robot mainly detects the forefinger direction and generates the output. This output can be transmitted using the RF transmitter toward the RF receiver unit.

In the RF receiver, the receiver gets the signal to command the microcontroller so that the robot can move in a specific direction. This system uses RF technology, MEMS sensor, and microcontroller. The robot gets the commands using the MEMS sensor. In the transmitter section, this sensor can be arranged on the forefinger.

Unmanned Vehicle Design using Microcontroller

This project implements an unmanned vehicle with the help of a microcontroller & a GSM Network. This project replaces RF remote control using GSM network as it experiences different disadvantages such as frequency range is limited and limited control.

Land Survey Robot Implementation

This project designs a robot using a microcontroller namely a land survey robot. This robot is specially designed for calculating the region of land and to split it into different plots. This project includes two parts like the survey robot & measurement module for the area. The control of this robot can be done using the ZigBee module so that the robot can move in the whole plot.

The calculation of the traveling distance of the robot can be done using the concept of timer. This distance value can be sent to the PC. In this system, the second portion involves the region measurement module. This module can be designed with Embedded C language to allow the user to decide efficiently the region of the plot.

Robot for Wall Painting

The main concept of this project is to implement a wall painting robot. This robot assists in achieving low-cost painting equipment. The main reason to design this robot is, the chemicals in the wall painting can cause health problems to human painters like eye and throat infection problems.

Hand painting consumes a lot of time due to repeated work. Once robots and workers in the construction properly included in building tasks, then the whole construction procedure can be managed in a better way by reducing manpower Additionally, it would resolve most of the troubles connected with security whenever several activities occur all at once.

Wall Climbing Robot

The main function of this robot is to design & develop a robot for wall climbing to clean a single large window. This robot sticks on the surface of the glass using a suction cup vacuum. This robot cleans the window using a wiper that is connected to the robot at the front side. Once the window is cleaned, then the robot will stop cleaning according to the instructions given by the microcontroller.

For robot adhesion to outside, there are different methods available like using magnetic force, micro spine, etc. However, here we develop Elecrochuks in this system to attain robot adhesion. This robot dimensions are around 690 mm times whereas its weight is around 3 kg below..

4 in 1 Robot using Microcontroller

This project implements a microcontroller-based four in one robot which works in four modes like detection of edge, line-following, pathfinder, and detection of obstacles. This project can be built with ATMEGA168 microcontroller to achieve the objective using the switches, sensors & LED.

Solar Powered Tool using Microcontroller & Robotic Arm

Robots deals through automated machines that can take the place of humans imply just look like humans. The arm of a robot is one kind of mechanical device generally programmed using the same functions of a human arm. We know that solar energy is a bright light as well as heat that generates from the sun. The proposed system is used to design a robot that can be powered through solar energy through the arms of a robot to pick & place an object.

In the proposed system, the robotic vehicle which is powered through solar power was mainly designed. This is mainly used to increase the power of vehicles using solar energy. In this project, the robotic arm is designed to handle the vehicle for picking up & placing an object. The charging of vehicles can be done using two methods like using the direct power supply and another one is solar energy tracking. Therefore, the whole solar energy can be utilized by the robot so that the required operation can be performed.

Mobile Robot Analysis and Control for Pipe Line Inspection

This project designs a robot that is used for the pipeline inspection. This robot can be designed through the sensors. In this project, the analysis of acceleration and the velocity of the four-bar method is used to control the robot. This robot uses 8051 micro-control that includes two sections like the transmitter & the receiver.

The transmitter includes four switches to provide four order whereas the receiver is connected to GSM to operate the mobile robot once gets the command, it sends the message once the robot detects any obstacle. In the receiver, it includes an IR sensor which works through GSM to detect an obstacle. The GSM will help in designing interactive capabilities so the time taken for finding the problem will be reduced.

Control System for Electric Wheel Chair using Eyes

This project is used to implement a control system for an electric wheelchair using eyes. The control of this proposed system can be done through eyes only. So, the physically handicapped people can control an electric wheelchair by themselves. By using this project, the proposed system is strong against the abovementioned power factors. Additionally, it is established that this project can be controlled through human eyes safely and accurately.

Serving Robot through RFID

This project designs a serving robot with the help of RFID. This kind of robot is used to enhance the food serving efficiency to customers within restaurants, hotels by reducing the time for waiting. In this project, the required operation can be done with the help of a PIC microcontroller as well as RFID technology.

Land Rover Operated by Cellphone

This project implements a land rover robot where the robot controlling can be done using three different phases like perception, action, and processing. In general, the preceptors are nothing but sensors that are arranged on the robot and the processing can be done through the microcontroller. The task can be performed with the help of motors otherwise actuators.

The robot in this project can be controlled by phone by making a call to the phone that is connected to the robotic vehicle. The mobile tone that is matching to a button can be heard at the processing end. The land rover robot recognizes this DTMF tone using the phone stacked within the robot

Bluetooth Controlled Robot

This project implements a robot which is controlled through Bluetooth. These robots can be operated through the signals which are transmitted from an android phone along with Bluetooth communication. The main components used in this project are microcontroller, dc motor, and Bluetooth module. The connection between the system as well as user can be established through the Bluetooth device wherever a microcontroller is used for signal processing. The applications of these robots include remote vehicles to unmanned missions.

Robot Controlled through Wi-Fi & Microcontroller

Nowadays, WiFi has become an essential part of our daily lives & different devices which are linked to the Internet will increase due to the development within the technology. In this project, the integration process can be done by using an embedded system as well as the internet.

This robot can be operated through a website or computer with the help of Wi-Fi like the communication module. This module must be used to set up a connection between the user and the robot. The essential components used to build this project are microcontroller, Wi-Fi modules like ESP8266 & DC Motors.

Water Trash Collector Robot using Solar Power

This project implements an innovative robot to collect water trash using solar energy. The main intension of this project is to clean the trash that can be collected on the water bodies’ surface. This project helps in cleaning the water so that pollution can be reduced.

This project can be controlled through an RC remote. This project uses DC pumps for providing the control of direction & arrangement of servo motor for the navigation. Here, two solar panels are implemented to make the robot self-sustainable on the water. These panels help in charging the battery and garbage collection can be done using a wire gauge.

Surveillance of Wildlife using RF Robot

This project designs a robot to surveillance of wildlife using RF. By using this project, the operator no needs to go near to the wild animals to take the footage very closely. Here, the robot is used for observing the wildlife of animals using the system of night vision using a night vision camera on the robot. This robot can be controlled through wirelessly using an RF remote. The video which is recorded can be stored on the PC to watch the animals.

This system uses an 8051 microcontroller unit to receive signals from the RF transmitter for further process. These signals can be transmitted to the RF receiver so that microcontroller processes this data to drive the motors. So that robot vehicles can be operated. Once the microcontroller gets the signal to change the direction of the camera, then it forwards to the motor to attain the preferred angle of the camera. Therefore, the observation of wildlife can be done using a robot through a night vision camera to get a nearer view of animals using RF remote.

Some more microcontroller based robotics project ideas include the following.

  1. Pick-N- Place Robotic Arm and the Movement Controlled by Android Wirelessly
  2. Voice Controlled Robotic Vehicle with a Long Distance Speech Recognition
  3. War Field Spying Robot with Night Vision Wireless Camera by Android Applications
  4. Manchester Code Decoding Controls the Robots Direction by TV Remote
  5. Fire Sensing and Control Robotics
  6. Robotic Arm Control Through Internet LAN for Patient Operation
  7. Fire Fighting Robot Remotely Operated by Android Applications
  8. War Field Spying Robot with Night Vision Wireless Camera
  9. Fire Fighting Robotic Vehicle
  10. Pick-N-Place with a Soft Catching Gripper
  11. Metal Detector Robotic Vehicle
  12. Cell Phone Controlled Robotic Vehicle
  13. Line Following Robotic Vehicle Using Microcontroller
  14. IR Controlled Robotic Vehicle
  15. Touch Screen Based Remote Controlled Robotic Vehicle for Stores Management
  16. Auto Metro Train to Shuttle between Stations
  17. Obstacle Avoidance Robotic Vehicle
  18. RF Controlled Robotic Vehicle with Laser Beam Management

Robotics Projects for Engineering Students

In recent years, many engineering students have started showing a lot of interest in robotic projects as compared to other projects. Robots such as pick-n-place, line-following, wall track, and robotics projects using microcontrollers are popular projects at the academic level. The following list of microcontroller based robotics projects and robotic projects for engineering students is quite helpful for the students. Apart from this, there are some electronics engineering projects on robotic applications.

Robotics Projects for Engineering Students
Robotics Projects for Engineering Students
  1. Live Human Alerting and Detection Robot
  2. Wireless PC Controlled Robot
  3. RF Based Remote Controlled Robot with Wireless Video Camera Mounted on it
  4. Autonomous Robot with Artificial Vision for Obstacle Detection
  5. Wireless Room freshener Spraying Robot with Video Vision
  6. Simple Pick and Place Robot
  7. Touch Screen Controlled Intelligent Robot
  8. Human-Robot Interface Using Robust Speech Recognition
  9. LPG Gas and Smoke Detection Robot with Wireless Control
  10. PC Controlled Wireless Multipurpose Robot
  11. Voice Recognizing Robot with a Fire Sensor Indication
  12. Remote Controlling Robot with a Fire Sensor
  13. Robotic Arm Interfaced with MCU/RF/IR/PC
  14. Speed Sprayer Robot
  15. Solar Panel Tracking Robot

Simple Robotics Projects for Beginners

For beginners, it is better to go for simple robotic projects for learning basic concepts and techniques which will challenge them to face large and complex robotics as they become used to practicing them.

Simple Robotics Projects
Simple Robotics Projects
  1. Mobile Controlled Robot using GSM
  2. Edge Avoider Robot
  3. Light Following Robot
  4. A Simple Line Following Robot
  5. Wall Follower Robot
  6. Bomb Detection Robot
  7. Solar Powered Robot from TRASH
  8. Pocket Drunken Robot
  9. Solar Cockroach Virbobot
  10. Blinky the LED Pet
  11. Intractable Robot-Paper Model

Arduino Robot Projects

Arduino is a single-board microcontroller, and its hardware consists of an open-source hardware board. This hardware board is designed by using an 8-bit Atmel AVR microcontroller, or a 32- bit Atmel ARM. Arduino is designed to give an easy way to program interactive objects. Here we have mentioned a list of microcontroller based robotics projects like an Arduino.

Arduino Robot Projects
Arduino Robot Projects
  1. Control an OWI Robotic Arm with Arduino
  2. DFRobotshop Rover or Arduino on Tracks
  3. Speech Controlled Arduino Robot
  4. Arduino Nano based Microbot
  5. Reverse Engineered RC Car to Make an Arduino Rover
  6. 2WD Extend Platform Arduino Robot Chassis Smart Car Chassis
  7. Arduino Robot 4WD Smart Car Chassis Kits with a Speed Encoder
  8. The Hexbug Spider Hack
  9. Stompy the Walking Robot
  10. Arduino Bot Proto
  11. Arduino Robot for Testing Whiley
  12. 2-Wheel Self-balancing Robot by Using Arduino and MPU6050

Electronics Engineering Projects

In our daily life, electronics plays a major role. So, if we learn some basic things about electronics, it is favorable to us. These electronic projects deal with various circuits that may include concepts like capacitors, diodes, ICs, etc. Many people are now showing interest in various electronics’ branches of engineering. After doing some projects in the electronics branch of engineering, we can gain hands-on knowledge of electronics. For those who are interested in electronics projects, the following list of electronics engineering projects & ideas would serve handy.

  1. Arduino Based Home Automation
  2. Wireless Power Transfer in 3D Space
  3. Industrial Liquid Pump Controller with User-Defined Time Slots based on Timer
  4. Arduino Based Auto Intensity Control of Street Lights
  5. High Voltage DC by Marx Generator Principles
  6. Electronic Eye Controlled Security System
  7. Long Range FM Transmitter with Audio Modulation
  8. Time Delay Based Relay Operated Load
  9. Step up 6V DC to 10V DC Using 555 Timer
  10. Phase Sequence Checker for Three Phase Supply
  11. Fire or Smoke Detector with Automatic Water Sprinkler System
  12. GSM/GPRS based Pump On and Off system
  13. Mobile Phone Controlled IVRS System
  14. Automatic Street Light Control System using High Sensitivity LDR
  15. Automatic Speed Regulation Depending on Incoming vehicle on High Ways
  16. Applications of Robots
  17. Robot applications can be classified into two types: Current applications and future applications.
  18. Current applications include:
  19. Material Transfer, Machine loading and unloading
  20. Processing operations
  21. Assembly and inspection
  22. Future applications include:
  23. Medical
  24. Military -artillery, loading, surveillance
  25. Home applications
  26. Electronic industry
  27. Fully automated machine shop

This is all about the list of projects on robotics like cost-effective Microcontroller based Robotics Projects, simple robotic projects, Arduino robotic projects & robotic projects for engineering students. We hope that you have got a better understanding and concept of microcontroller based robotics projects. Please share your views on this article in the comment section below, and for further help to implement these projects, you can contact us.

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