Top 15 Electronics Projects Ideas for Engineering Students

The need for ongoing exploration and innovation is critical in today’s engineering world and it demands the highest level of creativity. Engineering projects are given to electrical and electronics stream students to enhance and create a road map in the minds of budding engineers whose knowledge of research is often limited.

Our main focus is on international developments and trends in the field of Engineering. With the help of engineering projects, we try to explain the need for conceptual learning and implementation — rather than the mere study of theory to retain knowledge.

The shared experiences and knowledge in the field of applications energize students through new & innovative thought, thereby provoking delivery of innovation & revolutionary projects.

Don’t Miss: Latest Electronics Projects Ideas for Engineering Students

List of Top Electronic Projects Ideas For Engineering Students

Latest Electronics Projects Ideas
Latest Electronics Projects Ideas

1. Digital Code Lock with LCD and Keypad using 8051 Microcontroller

In this Engineering project, a digital lock is designed using an AT89C2051′ LCD as display & a keypad is used to input the values. The project code is written in the “C” language. It is a simple project which helps in preventing hacking. The fundamental lock is of 5 digits & the master lock is of 10 digits.

It is not a simple task for any hacker to break through this security system. To input the security digits 4 by 3 keypad is used & the input values are displayed to the user on a 2 by 16 LCD screen. A pin is allocated as output to activate and deactivate the security lock.


2. Magnetic Levitation Circuit

This is an uncomplicated magnetic levitation diagram which hangs up objects at a predetermined distance underneath an electromagnet. The logic or science at the back of it is to supply a magnetic force which is equal & opposite to the force of gravity on the object.

The two forces applied to cancel each other and the object stays hanging in the air. Sensibly this is done by a circuit that decreases electromagnet force when an object comes too nearby and raises it when the object is far out of the range.

3. Anti-collision system for trains

These days several new systems are invented to evade train collisions. This Engineering project is one such way to confine the train collisions. In this project, the microcontroller is united with the GPS modem, GSM modem, or cellular phone. GPS modem will discover the current locations of the train through satellite. The keyboard & display screen are also used with the controller for the convenience of the user.

GSM cell phone is employed to provide appropriate information via SMS to the drivers of the train as well as to the controlling booths. With the help of this project, the train drivers can obtain clear and updated signal information and the collisions can be evaded.

In this project, a microcontroller is attached with a display (LCD screen), Keyboard, Memory card, and GPS recipient. The particular train will have a GPS recipient with a microcontroller together with a GSM Mobile or Modem.

4. Intelligent load shedding using GSM

Integrating an automatic system in each & every machine is very much required as it helps in saving a lot of time spent on it. In production units where control is maintained over the usage of power i.e. below the predetermined maximum demand,  it is a big hitch.

If the predetermined maximum usage goes beyond the limit, the production units have to give a penalty to the electricity department. Therefore an automation method is necessary to work out the problem. The max demand is defined as the product of the current and the voltage that has been used by the loads.

The significance of the max demand fluctuates for diverse sub-stations depending upon the load. The collective maximum demand is the instant average value of max demand. In this project, the microcontroller is connected with a GSM Modem & RTC. For the convenience of the user, the LCD screen is also connected with the microcontroller. Hence, the critical and non-critical loads are coupled through relays.

5. Tongue Motion Controlled Wheel Chair

TDS (tongue drive system) is a tongue operated unobtrusive supportive technology, which can prospectively give people with brutal disabilities a successful computer accessible and environment-friendly control. It converts users’ intents into commands to control by sensing and categorizing their voluntary tongue movement using a small stable magnet, placed on the tongue, and a collection of magnetic sensors assembled on a receiver outside the mouth. We have developed and applied four control tactics to drive a PWC (a powered wheelchair) using an outside TDS model.

Don’t Miss: Best Mini Projects Ideas for Engineering Students.

6. GSM Advanced Wireless Earthquake Alarm System for Early Warning

This project explains the system’s structural design for a routing or navigation tool for visually disabled persons using GSM communication. The chief components are a multi-sensory structure (including stereo system vision, auditory range locator, and sensors for movement), a mapper, an alarming mechanism, and a concrete human-machine interface.

Several navigation tools are available for blinds as well, but these tools do not work for local pathfinding, collision avoidance, etc. The main aim of this project research is to develop a wearable device that helps the blind to achieve his local direction-finding tasks.

7. GSM Autonomous CAR Parking

GSM Based CAR Parking System
GSM Based CAR Parking System

In this project of the car parking system, the entrance of the car is noticed automatically and the entrance of the parking is open for the automobile vehicle. The Car’s number is acknowledged by image development and later the billing is done according to the number of hours the car was parked. RF & IR technology is used for the object’s movement detection at the entrance door and also for data transmission. This car parking project has three sections. The first one is located at the entrance of the parking gate. The next module is positioned in the parking floor. The last one is located in the billing division.

8. Microcontroller Based Two-Axis Solar Tracking System

Sun Tracking Solar Panel
Sun Tracking Solar Panel

The foremost objective of this project is to build up and put into practice a model of a two-axis solar track structure based on a microcontroller. The parabolic replicator or parabolic board is assembled approximately two feed diameter to take into custody the sun’s energy.

The parabolic replicator’s focus is to hypothetically calculate an infinitesimally tiny spot to obtain a tremendously high temperature. This two-axis automatically track system has also been developed by bringing into play a microcontroller. The programming language used is an assembly to incorporate the microcontroller of the two-axis solar tracking system.

9. Mobi E-Cops With Multiprocessor System

This security mechanism is wireless & is used to sense Gas, Fire, movement of doors and windows to provide efficient home security systems with the use of a wireless-based communication system. Sensors that discover disturbance, burn, Fire and even the noise of a cyclone can be included in alarm and home security mechanisms to give an absolute depiction of what is going outside & inside the house.

Wireless phones and announcement devices can be included in the security systems to make sure that everybody is given an alert at the time of any distress or crisis. The security system is also added with a call location device, to help while homeowners are not available at home. The more complex mechanism offers the landowner the facility to listen and even witness what is occurring within the house in real-time.

10. Monitor and Control of Greenhouse Environment

Green House Effect
Green House Effect

Suitable ecological surroundings are essential for optimal plant development, better crop productivity, and resourceful use of water and other resources. Automate the data acquirement procedure of the soil situation and different climatic factors that rule plant development permits information to be assembled at a high rate of recurrence with fewer labor necessities.

The present systems make use of PC or SMS based mechanisms for keeping the consumer endlessly well-versed of the circumstances within the greenhouse; but are too expensive, large, hard to uphold, and less admired by the scientifically uneducated workers.

This greenhouse project aims to intend an uncomplicated, simple to set up, microcontroller-based circuit to observe and record the amount of humidity, soil moisture, temperature, and sunlight of the natural atmosphere that are incessantly altered and managed to optimize them to attain maximum seed growth and hence productivity. The microcontroller employed is a low powered one & comprises a price-efficient chip produced by ATMEL & has 8K bytes of flash memory.

11. Crop Field Management Based on IoT Using ARM7

The backbone of the Indian economy is agriculture. With the sudden changes in environmental conditions and the need to meet the growing demand, this sector is facing many challenges. With the advent of new technologies, various methods to help the growth of this sector are being proposed.

This Engineering project proposes a method to monitor crop management and growth using the latest wireless technology. In this project, parameters such as soil moisture, tanks water levels, pH values of the soil, growth levels of the plants, and presence of weeds, etc… are monitored.

This project is designed using various sensors, which are connected to the ARM7 microcontroller. Data is transmitted using the wifi module on the microprocessor. The Digital signal processing method is used to detect plant disease. The data is collected using this system and sent to the user using wifi technology.

12. Hand Gesture Recognition Based Social Assistive Robot Controls For Wheelchair Applications

There are many methods evolved for effective communication between machine and human. Gesture identification is the most prominent method used for this purpose. This Engineering project is the evolution of one of such methods.

In this project, the hand-gesture recognition method is used to operate the robot which drives the wheelchair. Here robot is controlled by an AVR ATmega232 microcontroller. In this project, hand gestures are given as input signals to the robot, which changes direction accordingly.

The direction of movement of the robot is displayed on a 16 by 2 alphanumeric LCD Display. An android phone with an accelerometer sensor recognizes the gesture and sends the data to the robot using wifi communication.

13. IoT Based Traffic Signal Automation By Sensing And Detecting Traffic Intensity Through IR Sensors

Traffic monitoring and controlling play a crucial role in the smooth flow of vehicles, especially in a country like India. The methods today used for traffic control are not effective in modern times. In these methods, traffic signals are controlled using timers not by taking note of the density of the traffic.

Here a dynamic traffic signal controlling system is designed, which takes into account the density of traffic present on the road.IR sensors are used, to detect the density of the traffic, and data is sent to the microcontroller. Based on the received data, the microcontroller controls the traffic signal.

14.Internet of Things Mobile Air Pollution Monitoring System

Air Pollution is an increasing concern for the degradation of the environment, should be monitored and controlled. The monitoring systems available today are of low precision, low flexibility, low sensibility. So, as an evolutionary approach IoT based air pollution monitoring system is designed.

In this Engineering project, a three-step air pollution monitoring system is designed. Using gas sensors, Arduino IDE, and wifi module an IoT system is designed. When these systems are placed at multiple locations in multiple cities, the gas sensors record the pollution levels and sends data to Arduino.

This data is sent over the cloud using wifi module. IoT-Mobair an android application is developed through which users can access the data and know the real-time pollution levels of their surroundings.

15. Piezoelectric Transducer And Arduino Based Wirelessly Controlled Energy saving scheme For Street Lights.

In this Engineering project, a street light power saving system is designed. In this model, street lights are switched ON automatically by Arduino when pedestrians and vehicles are detected by the transducer. Energy consumption and maintenance need for street lights can be minimized using this project.

A research experience other than a structured lecture or lab lessons is a valuable enlightening experience, both challenging and gratifying. It facilitates an electronic & electrical student to work intimately with science & nature to innovate new technologies that are in favor of mankind. Remember, engineering project is the key to a successful career start. You should always choose such a project which can add some value to your career. When the project chosen by you is not of your interest, you’ll not be able to finish it capably. For this reason, make certain to decide a project that is of your interests.

Don’t Miss: Electronic projects List with free abstracts.

Photo Credit: Green House Effect by wikimedia

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