Communication Projects for Engineering Students

Using 8051 series Microcontrollers, a large number of communication-based projects can be done. It involves a variety of communication protocols like UART, RS232/Serial communication, I2C, CAN, Ethernet, etc. Understanding these protocols gives practical exposure on how to interface various hardware devices/modules to the microcontroller. Programming concepts play a vital role in designing such projects. Knowledge of assembly language or C language is a pre-requisite for handling such projects. Student level projects cover a wide range of areas that are commonly used in domestic and industrial applications such as GSM, GPS, Bluetooth, RFID,  DTMF, Mobile, Ethernet, RF, XBEE, Networking, Data Acquisition, and Smart Card. The following are some of the communication-based project ideas for Engineering Students.

Communication Projects for Engineering Students

The communication projects mainly include  GPS, GSM, RFID, Bluetooth, Mobile, DTMF, Data Acquisition, Ethernet, XBEE, RF, Networking, and Smart Card

DTMF Based Projects

The DTMF projects list includes the following.

  • Cell Phone Based DTMF Controlled Garage Door Opening System – Abstract
  • Display of Dialed Telephone Numbers on Seven Segment Displays – Abstract
  • Automatic Dialing to any Telephone Using I2C Protocol on Detecting Burglary – Abstract
  • DTMF Based Load Control System – Abstract
  • Cell Phone Controlled Robotic Vehicle – Abstract

GSM Based Projects

The GSM projects list includes the following.

GSM Modem
GSM Modem
  • Tampered Energy Meter Information Conveyed to Concerned Authority by Wireless Communication – For more information, Abstract
  • Railway Level Crossing Gate Control through SMS by the Station Master or the Driver – For more information, Abstract
  • GSM Based Monthly Energy Meter Billing via SMS – For more information, Abstract
  • Theft Intimation of the Vehicle Over SMS to Owner Who Can Stop the Engine Remotely – For more information, Abstract
  • Flash Flood Intimation Over GSM Network
  • Integrated Energy Management System Based on GSM Protocol with Acknowledgement Feature – For more information
  • GSM Based Energy Meter Reading with Load Control – For more information, Abstract
  • Railway Track Security System – For more information
  • GSM Based Wireless Electronic Notice Board– For more information, Abstract
  • RFID Based Device Control and Authentication system using PIC Microcontroller – For more information, Abstract
  • Theft Intimation of Vehicle Over SMS to Owner Who Can Stop the Engine Remotely – For more information, Abstract
  • GSM Based Energy Meter Reading With Load Control Using PIC Microcontroller – For more information

PC Based Projects

The PC based projects list includes the following.

  • PC Based Electrical Load Control – For more information, Abstract
  • SCADA for remote industrial plant – Abstract
  • Using TV Remote as a Cordless Mouse for the Computer
  • Automatic Surveillance Camera Panning System from PC
  • RF Based Unique Office Communication System
  • PC Controlled Scrolling Message Display for Notice Board – Abstract
  • Wireless message Communication Between Two Computers
  • Using TV Remote as a Cordless Mouse for the Computer Using PIC Microcontroller

RF Based Projects

The RF-based projects list includes the following.

  • Automatic Wireless Health Monitoring System in Hospitals for Patients  – Abstract
  • Secret Code Enabled Secure Communication Using RF Technology  – Abstract
  • RF Controlled Robotic Vehicle With Laser Beam Arrangement  – Abstract
  • Pick N Place With Soft Catching Gripper  – Abstract
  • Fire Fighting Robotic Vehicle  – Abstract
  • War Field Spying Robot with Night Vision Wireless Camera – Abstract
  • Wireless Power Transfer – Abstract
  • Speed Synchronization of Multiple Motors in Industries
  • RF-based Unique Office Communication System
  • Touch Screen Based Home Automation System – Abstract
  • RF Based Home Automation System – Abstract
  • Metal Detector Robotic Vehicle – Abstract
  • Speed Synchronization of Multiple Motors in Industries Using PIC Microcontroller

RFID Projects

The RFID projects list includes the following.

  • RFID Security Access Control System  – Abstract
  • RFID Based Attendance System  – Abstract
  • RFID Based Passport Details  – Abstract
  • Device Control and Authentication using RFID

Bluetooth Based Projects

The Bluetooth project list includes the following.

Bluetooth Module
Bluetooth Module
  • Remote AC Power Control by Android Application with LCD Display – Abstract
  • Android Based Remote Programmable Sequential – Abstract
  • War Field Spying Robot with Night Vision Wireless Camera by Android Applications – Abstract
  • Remote Induction Motor Control by Android Application with 7 Segment Display – Abstract
  • Remote Operated Domestic Appliances Control by Android Application – Abstract
  • Remote Password Operated Load Control by Android Applications – Abstract
  • Density-Based Auto Traffic Signal Control with Android Based Remote Override – Abstract
  • Four Quadrant Operation of DC Motor Remotely Controlled by Android Applications – Abstract
  • Fire Fighting Robot Remotely Operated by Android Applications – Abstract
  • Pick N Place Robotic Arm And Movement Controlled  by Android Wirelessly – Abstract
  • Metal Detector Robotic Vehicle Operated by Android Application
  • Remote Alignment of 3D Dish Positioning by Android Application – Abstract
  • Password-Based Remote Controlled Door Opening By Android Application – Abstract
  • Railway Level Crossing Gate Operation Remotely By Android – Abstract
  • Home Automation by Android Application Based Remote Control – Abstract
  • Remote Speed Control of DC Motor by Android Applications – Abstract
  • Android Application Controlled Remote Robot Operation – Abstract
  • Remotely Controlled Android based Electronic Notice Board – Abstract

XBEE Based Projects

  • Wireless Message Communication between Two Computers
  • XBEE Based Remote Monitoring of 3 Parameters on Transformer / Generator Health
  • XBEE Based Remote Monitoring of 3 Parameters on Transformer / Generator Health with Voice Announcement and Wireless PC Interface

Smart Card Based Projects

  • Security System Using Smart Card Technology

Communication Projects for Engineering Students

The list of communication projects for engineering students includes the following.

Communication Projects
Communication Projects

Wireless Message Communication between Two Computers

This project has been developed to ensure communication between computers in any organization using a wireless technique. This system can be used at offices to ensure feasible communication between employees using the wireless technique.

The 2.4GHz XBee module consisting of both the transmitter and the receiver module is interfaced with the serial port of the computer through a MAX 232 IC used as a level shifter IC. A timer is also used to provide signals to trigger a buzzer alarm in case of the reception of the message. Thus the person receiving a message can get an alarm tone about the arrival of a new message.

PC Based Electrical Load Control

This project has been designed to be used at places like theatres, auditoriums where a centralized control system can be used to control the switching of all the electrical appliances. The control can be given through a central computer which gives commands which are accordingly processed by a microcontroller to control the switching of the loads.

The commands are given through the keyboard on the computer. The computer is interfaced with the microcontroller through a level shifter IC. The microcontroller on receiving the commands accordingly provides signals to the relay driver to drive the relay which in turn ensures the switching on or off of the lamp.

Password-based Remote Controlled Door Opening by Android Application

This project is designed to build a system wherein the door can be remotely opened or closed based on some password. The commands are sent from a smartphone with a Graphical User Interface touchscreen-based application and accordingly processed to control the opening and closing of the door.

The GUI app on the smartphone with a touch screen panel is used to enter the password. This password is sent through Bluetooth communication to the receiver part. At the receiver part, the Bluetooth device receives the information and feeds the data to the microcontroller. The microcontroller matches this data with the one available in the microcontroller. If the password matches, the microcontroller sends appropriate signals to the motor driver to provide rotation to the motor to open the door.

Controlling of Streetlight through WiFi

This project uses internet access as well as sensor technology to turn ON or OFF the street lights during day time and night time. By using another method, we can also control the light whenever we need it. So this technology is very helpful in dim up the light wherever it is not necessary. So by using this project, energy costs can be reduced.

Home Automation through RF

This proposed system is used to control the home appliances with the help of Radio Frequency (RF) communication. We know that home automation can be done in different ways using different communication technologies. In this project, RF communication is used with a microcontroller.

Passport Details using RFID

This project is used to verify the passport details using the RFID module. The required components of this project are RFID module, minor components & microcontroller. First, we need to scan the passport on the RFID reader module so that the information can be passed to the microcontroller. Then this microcontroller changes the data & illustrates the passport holders’ data on the display.

Some more communication project ideas include the following.

  • Device for Detection of Bomb
  • Health Monitoring System
  • Indicator for Water Level
  • A robot used in Defense
  • Attendance System using RFID
  • Key Finder through Bluetooth
  • Identification System for Accident
  • Door Unlock using GSM
  • Monitoring System for Temperature
  • Detection of Over Speed for Car
  • Detector for Mobile Phone
  • Fire Alarm
  • Notice Board using Bluetooth

Optical Fiber Communication Projects

The list of optical fiber communication-based projects includes the following. These projects are also coming under MATLAB based communication projects category.

Intensity Modulation based Optical Communication Direct Detection

Optical wireless communication can be defined as the communication which uses modulated light to travel through an unguided medium. In this project, The OWC system performance can be achieved by using IM-DD which means intensity modulation & direct detection through the intensity of modulating light at the source & an intensity detector can be used at the destination. In optical communications, direct detection is used so that the input signal is given directly to the receiver through unwanted noise.

Optical Transmission Medium Simulation with Matlab Tools

This project provides design & simulation of the optical lane which comprises the effects of linear & nonlinear using the MATLAB. The program contains a simulation and calculation element of nonlinear effects wherever the signal is observed within a real-time. So this program mainly deals with different kinds of modulation techniques as well as optical environment characteristics.

At present, attention in the transmission of signal information using optical fibers has been increasing rapidly because of the transmission quality & wide bandwidth. This contribution mainly covers modulation methods used within the optical transmission medium.

Avoidance of Collision based on Optical Flow for Multi-Rotor UAVs in Urban Areas

This project targets designing of the control system, dynamic modeling & collision avoidance based on a vision for UAVs (unmanned aerial vehicles) with multi-rotor. These are defined like rotary-winged based UAVs including several rotors.

These UAVs are used in different military conditions like reconnaissance & surveillance. These are mainly used to obtain visual data from disaster sites. In this project, a model like a quadrotor is designed with a control system. This system is designed with a proportional integral derivative controller as well as a control system for collision avoidance based on vision.

The External Features Role in Face Recognition using Central Vision Loss

The proposed system is used to evaluate how to recognize the images of the familiar faces based on the internal & external features of the face in individuals using central vision loss. In the first experiment, the movements of the eye can be traced while identifying the common faces within an observers group using central vision loss for deciding the places of fixation.

Diffractive Optical Elements Novel Application used in Optical Systems

The proposed system with DOE (Diffractive Optical Elements) has huge potential for FTTH (fiber-to-home network) as evaluated through other methods like waveguide splitter, fused fiber couplers & MEMs (micro-electro-mechanical systems) which are all affected by high Polarization Dependent Loss (PDL) and consistency loss. In this proposed system, the of the splitter performance of the optical beam within both 1D & 2D packaged Si (silica) & POF fiber arrays can be implemented.

Projects on Wireless Sensor Networks

Please refer to this link to know more about wireless sensor network projects for engineering students.

Digital Communication Projects using MATLAB

The list of digital communication-based projects includes the following.

  • PWM based Neural Signal Transmission Wirelessly in Multichannel based Neural Recording Systems.
  • PAPR Reduction in OFDM Signals using PTS Schemes without Side Information
  • Cluster for WSNs
  • The Propagation & Fading of Wireless Channel
  • Space-Time Trellis Coded based Parallel Cancellation Architectures of Inter-Carrier Interference Design for OFDM Systems
  • Node Scheduling Protocol based on an Energy Efficient
  • Relay Transmission for Full-Duplex based Delay Diversity with OFDM based Bit-Interleaved Coded
  • Wireless Sensor Network Lifetime Prolonging
  • Allocation of Joint Resource & Grouping of Dynamic User using Multi-Cell Cooperation Designed for MIMO Systems
  • OFDM Channels Estimation with High-Mobility through Pilot Optimization
  • Vertical Handoff Performance Evaluation in 4G Networks
  • Antenna Orientation Impact on the Performance of WSN.
  • Detection of Weighting for Best Eigenvalue for Radio Networks based on Multi-Antenna Cognitive
  • OFDM Transceiver System Design & Implementation with M-PSK Encoding Methods
  • Cognitive Radio Networks based on OFDMA for Secure Communication
  • Transmission of Scalable Source using Uneven Frequency Reuse within MIMO based Cellular Networks
  • Employing of Spectrum Sensor for Continuous Pilot Tones used in Cognitive Radio Systems

The list of antenna-based projects includes the following.

  • Ka-Band Model Reconfigurable Patch Antenna Design & Analysis with RF MEMS Switches
  • Tracking of Amateur Satellite for Communication System
  • Monopole Antennas with Printed for Multiband Applications
  • A Dual-band based Microstrip Antenna including U-Shaped Slot
  • Microstrip Antenna Design with Miniaturized Dual-Band used for WLAN Application
  • MIMO based Antenna Unit with Highly Integrated
  • Antenna Array Polarized with an X-band Oblique
  • Designing of Antenna based on Broadband Base Station using Tightly Coupled Structure
  • UWB Antenna with Compact Planner for Communication with High Speed
  • Parasitic Dipole Antennas based on Dual & Tri-Band for Wearable Applications
  • Leaf Antenna with Planar Inverted for WLAN Applications
  • ESPAR Antenna used for V2X Applications
  • Liquid Antenna used for Wearable with Bio-Monitoring based Applications
  • Antennas Investigation for C2C Communication
  • Colorful Antennas for Textile & Incorporated into Embroidered Logos
  • Smart Antenna Building & Evaluating Experimentally for Low Power Wireless Communication
  • Antenna with Switched Parasitic Array & Energy Efficient for IoT & 5G Networks

Electronics and Communication Based Projects

Please refer to this link to know more about Electronics and Communication Based Projects

Bluetooth Based Communication Projects

The communication projects based on Bluetooth include the following.

  • Door Lock using Smart Bluetooth
  • Notice Board based on Bluetooth
  • Robot Controlled through Bluetooth
  • Home Automation Control through Voice
  • Controlled Device for LED Pattern
  • Key finder
  • Starter of Vehicle through Fingerprint Authorization
  • Mini Lift Controlled through Mini Lift
  • Railway Crossing Gates Controlling using Bluetooth
  • SmartWatch using Bluetooth
  • Positioning System for Antenna
  • Controlling of Hovercraft using Bluetooth
  • Audio System using Bluetooth
  • Tracking System for Vehicle
  • Security of Password Controlled through Voice
  • Bluetooth based Alarm Control
  • Bluetooth based Monitoring System for Heart Rate
  • Robot Controlled through Gesture
  • Measurement of Soil Moisture
  • Bluetooth based DC Motor Control

Thus, this is all about communication projects for engineering students which are very helpful in selecting the topic to do their project work. Check out abstract, block diagram, and output videos for various embedded systems projects and communication projects.

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